武汉工程大学论坛

 找回密码
 免费注册入住静思湖!
搜索
楼主: Aphrodite

[ENGLISH] 联合国维持和平词汇大全 [复制链接]

Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14

在线时间
569 小时
财富
26020
威望
157
最后登录
2009-4-8
注册时间
2005-9-18
帖子
13299
精华
20
积分
15069
UID
10488

灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:36:47 |显示全部楼层
status of (the peace-keeping) force(s) agreement; SOFA [agreement between the UN and the host country; text of model agreement is in: A/45/594, anx]

status-of-mission agreement; SOMA

supplies [the US distinguishes Class I supplies (subsistance), Class II (clothing, tentage, individual tools), Class III (POL), Class IV (construction), Class V (ammo), Class VI (equipment of troops), Class VII (tanks, artillery, trucks, planes), Class VIII (medical supplies), Class IX (parts and assemblies), Class X (non-military programme supplies)]

supply depot [logistics; a specialized facility designed, equipped and manned to perform the warehousing function and conduct other activities, particularly those associated with the maintenance of stocks]

supply point [central point where rations are being drawn by contingents, daily (fresh rations) or weekly (dry rations)]

Supply Section; SS [Logistics and communications Service/Department of Peacekeeping Operations]

surveillance [A systematic, observation of airspace or surface areas by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means. ] [the systematic observation of a given area for patterns of activity of any kind, as opposed to more focused scouting or reconnaissance] see also: reconnaissance; scouting

sustainability [mobility, survivability and sustainability of all mission contingents vary depending on tasks deployment areas and national support (self sufficiency); medical sustainability: ability to maintain quality and quantity of treatment and evacuation, and to resupply and replace personnel]

sustainment phase [logistics; fourth phase in a peace-keeping operation, during which the logistic support of the contingents (once deployed) are arranged by the UN] see also: stand-by phase; mounting phase; deployment phase; redeployment phase

T


T-wall [perimeter defence (e.g. of observation posts); prefabricated, T-shaped, cement wall sections (T-blocks) are set up side to side to build a defence wall] see also: U-wall

table of organization and equipment; TOE
1. in national armed forces, the TOE details the authorized levels of personnel and major equipment in formations and their subunits (nominal or "paper" strengths) and defines the order of battle;
2. under the UN standby arrangements system, the tables of organization and equipment list the standard components from which can be constructed peace-keeping operations, provide guidelines on taks, organization, size and equipment, etc. see also: order of battle; building block

tactical air control party; TACP [a subordinate operational component of a tractical air control system designed to provide air liaison to land forces and to control aircraft]

tactical satellite; TACSAT [for use by forward air controllers]

tailing [a kind of vehicle patrol or mobile surveillance, in which the military observers follow openly a vehicle of interest]

tailor (to) forces (or units) [to fit the need of a particular operation]

task force; TF [ A temporary grouping of units, under one commander, formed for the purpose of carrying out a specific operation or mission. ] see also: joint task force; force package

task force [Navy] [ A component of a fleet organized by the commander of a task fleet or higher authority for the accomplishment of a specific task or tasks. ]

tasking [the process of translating the allocation (personel, supplies and equipment) into orders, and passing these orders to the units involved] see also: air tasking order

task organization [A temporary grouping of forces designed to accomplish a particular mission. Task organization involves the distribution of available assets to subordinate control headquarters by attachment or by placing assets in direct support (DS) or under the operational control of the subordinate.]

technical survey team [dispatched to the problem area (prior to submission of a mission plan and financial implications) to report of the political, diplomatic, military and administrative support situation; the logistics, finance and administrative officers on the team assess the topography, infrastructure and availability of local and regional equipment, supplies and services to support a peace-keeping mission] see also: United Nations survey mission handbook

terrain (-following) flight; contour flying [ Flight at low altitude conforming generally to, and in the proximity of, the contours of the earth. It is characterized by varying altitude and airspeed as dictated by vegetation, obstacles, and ambient light. ] see also: nap-of-the-earth flying

third-line maintenance [as applied to PKOs, maintenance done by local, national or international industrial facilities, often under contract; as regards MPVs, it refers to maintenance done by logistics battalion maintenance companies, but for SCPV to maintenance done by contract] see also: first-line maintenance; second-line maintenance

third-line stocks (or holdings) [stocks procured outside the mission area, and which may or may not be centrally warehoused in the mission area] see also: general support; second line stocks

track
1. A series of related contacts displayed on a plotting board.
2. To display or record the successive positions of a moving object.
3. To lock onto a point of radiation and ovtain guidance therefrom.
4. To keep a gun properly aimed, or to point continously a target locating system at a moving target.
5. The actual path of an aircraft above, or a ship on, the surface of the earth.
6. One of the two endless belts on which a fulltracked or half track vehicle runs.
7. A metal part forming a path for a moving object, e.g., the track around the inside of a vehicle for moving a mounted machine gun. see: radar track

tradesman; artisans [includes carpenters, electricians, generator and refrigeration mechanics, plumbers, masons, welders and painters; they are part of a pioneer unit]

traffic control; TC

traffic post; traffic point; TP

training assistance team see: United Nations Training Assistance Teams

Training Unit; TU [established 1993 on request of the General Assembly in order to coordinate and standardise peace-keeping training, organic to Planning Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-Keeping Operations]

train(ing)-the-trainer workshop [workshop in which UN training assistance teams train the national military instructors who will later train the national contingents in peace-keeping] see also: United Nations Training Assistance Teams

transfer of authority; TOA [eg: from the UNPROFOR Commander to the IFOR Commander]

transport cell [part of Logs Branch at HQ]

transport office [of a peace-keeping operation]

transport unit [specialized in personnel transport, light, medium or heavy cargo, composite transport, off-road, medical evacuation, or petroleum transport]

travel subsistence allowance; TSA

triage [evaluation and classification of casualties for purposes of treatment and evacuation, according to type and seriousness of injury, and likelihood of survival]

trip-flare [used as warning and protection devices in defensive operations, or around the perimeter of a key point or static installation; it consists of 2 metal spikes or pickets, positioned up to 20 m apart, a reel of trip-wire fitted to each, a tensioning spring and a metal body containing the flare and the percussion cap igniter; once the safety pin has been removed the flare will ignite is the tripwire is pulled or cut]

trip-wire force [a military force, too small in itself to resist successfully, but nonetheless deployed against a potential enemy, e.g. stationed along what, in the case of war would become a military front line, or in a contested area to dissuade enemy from attacking with the knowledge that such attack would trigger a massive counter-attack and/or the intervention of a major power; the UN Emergency Force played this role along the Israeli-Egyptian armistice line (until May 1967)] see also: prepositionning force

Troop Contributors Committee; TCC [creation proposed by Canada; a formal ad hoc TCC, consisting of all Member States contributing to a particular mission would be formed for each UN peace operation, as mandates are developed and contributors are approached, but prior to action in the Security Council; it would examine the operational plan, command and control arrangements and rules of engagement for that mission] see also: Troop Contributors Forum

Troop Contributors Forum (or council) [creation proposed by Canada; institution, consisting of major Member States engaged in peace operations or having standby arrangements with the UN, where troop contributors could share their expertise and experience on a range of operational issues which cut across many peace-keeping operations]

troop-contributing country; TCC; troop contributor [UN]; troop contributing nation; TNC [Can.]

trunking system [the system monitors and identifies the transmissions of each radio operating within a given network and performs multiplexing of radio transmissions and assignment of frequencies]

turnover see: handover procedure (note)

[ 本帖最后由 Aphrodite 于 2006-4-12 13:41 编辑 ]

使用道具 举报

Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14

在线时间
569 小时
财富
26020
威望
157
最后登录
2009-4-8
注册时间
2005-9-18
帖子
13299
精华
20
积分
15069
UID
10488

灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:44:21 |显示全部楼层
U

umbrella agreement; general agreement [logistics; basic agreements normally conducted at government to UN level]

UN confidential[high security classification but flexible distribution] see also: UN secret; UN restricted; unclassified

UN restricted [distribution limited to UN staff] see also: UN secret; UN confidential; unclassified

UN secret [top security classification] see also: UN confidential; UN restricted; unclassified

unclassified; UNCLAS see also: UN secret; UN confidential; UN restricted

uncontrolled crossing point; UCP see also: border crossing point; controlled crossing point

Under-Secretary-General; USG

unidentified; u/l [indication given by UN observers in their AIREPs when the national markings of the attacking or violating aircraft on which they are reporting are not observed] see also: unknown

unit
1.Any military element whose structure is prescribed by competent authority, such as TOE; specifically part of an organizatrion.
2. An organization title of a subdivision of a group in a task force (TF).
3. AQ standard of basic quantity into which an item of saupply is divided, ssuad, or used. In this meaning also called "unit of issue"
1. refers to a battalion-size (army) or a squadron-size (air force) unit (800 men); 2. under the standby forces arrangements, is called "unit" any unit, whatever its size, which is self-sufficient as regards logistics, equipment, food and accomodation] see also: parent unit; sub-unit

unit emplaning officer [unit emplaning officer: in air transport, a representative of a transported unit, responsible for organizing the movement of that unit]\

unit integrity [maintaining ground force unit integrity for every size platform imaginable, (in the planning of an operation, so that no unit is broken up and separated from its support and other elements during deployment)]

unit supply officer [aka: quartermaster] see also: quartermaster

United Nations Civilian Police; UNCIVPOL; CIVPOL

United Nations Course for Mobile Peace-keeping Training Teams [first such course held in Canada (January 1995), second held in Sweden (June 1995); the mobile training teams are formally called United Nations Training Assistance Teams (UNTAT)]

United Nations daily allowance for troops; UNDAFT; daily allowance (to troops) [UN daily allowance ($1.28, in 1995) payable to each soldier in the field, to cover incidental personal expenses; it is distinct from travel and subsistence allowance payable for trips to points where UN food and lodging facilities cannot be provided]

United Nations decal; decal [sticker coming in various sizes, with the UN logo, to be displayed on cars, trucks, office doors etc.; by extension, can refer to the logo itself, even if the latter is stencilled (alongside the abbreviated name of the PKO in blue or black letters) on the right front and rear of all vehicles and trailers; not to be confused with the shoulder patch etc., which also bears the UN logo, but which is sewn on the sleeve]

United Nations high-readiness brigade [proposed by Denmark; brigade on stand-by to intervene immediately when a peace-keeping operation is established by the Security Council, until it is actually deployed; short name for "Multinational United Nations Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade"] see also: United Nations rapid deployment brigade; Group of Friends of Rapid Reaction; Multinational United Nations Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade

United Nations logistics base; UNLB [first permanent base created at Brindisi (Italy)]

United Nations Logistics Basing Centres [proposed by the UK for the decentralized storage of equipment for peacekeeping operations in Africa, as part of a regionalization of equipment stockpiles] see also: Pan-African (Peace-keeping) Force

United Nations Logistics Officers Centre [training center in Vatneleiren, Norway, offering a logistics course, under the authority of the Joint Nordic Committee for Military United Nations Matters (NORDSAMFN)]

United Nations Medical Depot [central UN medical warehouse, based in Oslo, Norway, where medical supplies and equipment are inspected, cleaned, maintained and stored after a mission closes and from which they are shipped to the requesting peace-keeping missions; also found as UN medical warehouse]

United Nations military observer; UNMO; MILOB [main tasks: to supervise, monitor, verify and report on cease-fire agreements, separations and withdrawals of forces, cessation of outside assistance; to monitor checkpoints, ingress/egress point and sea/airports; to monitor regrouping, cantonment and disarmament or demobilisation processes; to locate and confiscate caches of weapons; to liaise with factions, NGOs, UN agencies and neighbouring countries, assist humanitarian activities (POW exchanges, food distribution etc); in some cases UNMOs serve in a Military Observer Group (which consists of UNMOs and is commanded by a Chief Military Observer); in other cases they form part of a peace-keeping force]

United Nations mobile logistics team [visits potential troop-contributing countries to assist in determining heavy and specialized equipment requirements, before the countries concerned are called upon to provide troops for an operation]
United Nations naval observer; UNNO

United Nations Operational Support Manual; OSM [E. only; it details logistic procedures for United Nations field missions]

United Nations rapid deployment brigade [proposed by Netherlands in a 'non-paper' (A/49/886); a standing international all-volunteer 'fire brigade' (a light infantry brigade of up to 5000 men), distinct from the stand-by forces and made up of individually recruited soldiers, which would be under direct control of the Security Council and would be used for preventive deployment or be sent in advance of, and preparation for, the deployment of stand-by units or of an international peace-keeping force] see also: vanguard groups concept; rapid reaction capability; rapid reaction force (note 3)

United Nations Ration Scale [the UN ration scale incorporates two Basis of Provisioning (BOP); BOP A has been developped to reflect non western tastes and dietary patterns and BOP B is the western equivalent]

United Nations Security Council Resolution [the acronym UNSCR is sometimes found in non-UN documents or press articles]

United Nations Stand-by Arrangements System; UNSAS [provides the UN with a database containing military units of member states which can in principle be made available to the UN at short notice]

United Nations standing emergency group [provisional name for a UN standing force, the creation of which was proposed by Canada (over the long term); it would be composed of directly recruited volunteers]

United Nations Supply Depot; UNSD [Pisa, Italy; operation discontinued, functions taken over by the United Nations logistic base in Brindisi]

United Nations survey mission handbook [the objective of such UN logistic reconnaissance mission is to identify the logistics requirements of the prospective peace-keeping operation, specifying and quantifying the support elements necessary for its undertaking and to report its findings in a manner suitable for developing an achievable operational plan and an accurate budget; also found as "mission survey handbook"] see also: mission survey team

United Nations Theater Force Commander commandant de th殁tre des forces des Nations Unies [of UNCRO in Croatia; S/RES/981 (1995), para 6]

United Nations Training Assistance Team; UNTAT [teams put together on an ad hoc basis to respond to a particular country's request for peace-keeping training; a specific UNTAT's members are chosen for their specialized skills, from a roster of military personnel who remain based in their own countries but have been trained by the UN in peace-keeping] see also: train(ing)-the-trainer workshop

United Nations-owned equipment; UNOE [the UN purchases some items, which remain UN property, to be handed on to the relieving contingent; the acronym UNO is also found] see also: contingent-owned equipment; national owned equipment; host nation owned equipment; letter of assist

unitized load [items packaged or arranged in a manner capable of being handled as a unit, e.g. in a container]

universal transverse Mercator; UTM [in military field reports, Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid coordinates, combining the transverse Mercator projection and a system of grids with letters and digits (the approximate location being given by the grid numbers) are often used] see also: grid coordinates; approximate map reference; datum; World Geodetic System 84

universal transverse Mercator grid [a grid co-ordinate system based on the transverse Mercator projection, applied to maps of the earth's surface extending to 84 N and 80 S latitudes]

universal transverse Mercator (UTM) zone [North-South band defined by the Universal Transverse Mercator projection and numbered; each zone is subdivided into lettered grids]

unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV; drone [used for surveillance, targeting and bomb damage assessment; an UAV is preprogrammed for a mission and executes it without further intervention, whereas a remotely piloted vehicle is controlled and directed from afar during its mission] see also: remotely piloted vehicle

使用道具 举报

Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14Rank: 14

在线时间
569 小时
财富
26020
威望
157
最后登录
2009-4-8
注册时间
2005-9-18
帖子
13299
精华
20
积分
15069
UID
10488

灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:44:34 |显示全部楼层
unserviceability see also: serviceable; unserviceability period

upgrading [of airstrips or roads] [upgrading goes beyond repairing and returning an infrastructure to its initial state: for an airstrip, it often involves lengthening the landing strip, adding beacon lights and all-weather landing guidance equipment, changing the tarmac to accomodate heavy cargo planes, etc.]

usage factor [reimbursement to Governments of a usage factor at the standard rate of $70 (in 1995) per person per month to cover cost of personal clothing, gear, equipment and ammunition issued by Governments to their military personnel]

useful life (component) [the estimated useful life in years: based on normal operations (a mission-approved environmental and intensified operational use factors can be applied to the the wet and dry lease rates, when necessary to compensate for the potential increased wear and tear in the mission area); the component is included in the equipment use charge which compensates troop-contributing countries for the non-availability of COE in their home country]

utility vehicle [includes cargo, water, fuel and recovery vehicles]


Z

zodiac [high speed rubberboat]
zone of separation; ZOS; ZS see also: area of separation
zulu time [Greenwich Mean Time; GMT]




V

validation (system) [the validation system (both for unit training and for individual training) should be left to Member States and not be international, although the UN should establish standards that Member States can use for self-evaluation; in addition some specialists (civilian police, logisticians) may be required by the UN to pass a test upon arrival in the mission area]

vehicle off (the) road; VOR [vehicle not available because it awaits repair, or needs other vital services; not to be confused with 'off-road vehicles'] see also: equipment out of use
[this number is usually factored in when determining the number of vehicles needed for a particular mission or when reimbursing a contingent for the use of their own vehicles]

vehicle report(ing)point; VRP [predetermined point on a patrol route where the patrol calls in its position to base on the radio net] see also: report line

vertical replenishment; third-dimension resupply see: airdrop

very high frequency; VHF [ frequencies from 30 to 300 MHz. ]

voluntary contribution-in-kind [those non-reimbursable contributions to peace-keeping can take the form of military officers realeased on loan by Governments to the Department of Peace-keeping Operations, at no cost to the Organization] see also: gratis military officer

Voluntary Organizations in Cooperation in Emergencies; VOICE



W


wargame (to) [ A simulation, by whatever means, of a militatry operation involving two or more opposing forces, using rules, data, and procedures designed to depict an actual or assumed real life situation. ]

warning order; Wng O [ A preliminary notice of an action or order that is to follow. Usually issued as abrief oral or written message, it is designed to give subordinates time to make necessary plans and preperations. ]

watching brief [closely follows the situation on the ground so that changes to the mandate of an operation can be made as necessary]

water provisioning sub-unit [1. standby forces; locates and accesses sources of water in a severely degraded mission area, and purifies and provides not less than 40,000 gallons of potable water per day]

weapon exclusion zone; exclusion zone; EZ

weapon pylon [equipment on a plane] see also: pod

weapons collection point; WCP

weapons platform [aircraft, ship or vehicle considered as the carrier of a set of weapons, as distinct from an observation platform] see also: observation platform

weapons storage site; WSS

weapons-limitation zone see also: area of limitation in armaments; restricted weapons zone

welfare officer; WELO

wet lease (arrangements) (or system) [a contingent-owned equipment reimbursement system where the troop-contributing country assumes responsibility for maintaining and supporting deployed major or minor items of equipment and is entitled to reimbursement] see also: dry lease (arrangements)

white helmets [international volunteer rapid-response teams in the field of humanitarian relief (in case of natural or man-made emergencies), whose creation was launched with an initial contribution from Argentina; the term may also refer to ECOMOG troops deployed in Liberia by ECOWAS]

wing; wg [air force unit composed of one mission group and the necessary supporting organizations (supply, maintenance, hospitalization, etc.); a fighter wing consists usually of 3 squadrons of 25 aircraft each]

working dress [UK]; fatigue [US] [work uniform worn while on fatigue duty (cleaning, moving supplies, etc.)] see also: battle dress uniform

Working Group on a Multinational UN Stand-by Forces High Readiness Brigade [established by troop-contributing nations to explore the option of creating a rapid deployment force within the framework of the UNSAS, and thus safeguarding national sovereignty issues; a number of Member States can, by forming an affiliation between appropriate contributions to the UNSAS, make a pre-established Multinational UN Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade available to the UN, thus providing a rapid deployment capability for deployments of a limited duration; employment of the Brigade mandated by the Security Council will be subject to approval by the participating nations for their individual troop contributions, thereby satisfying the government's national obligations] see also: Group of Fiends of Rapid Reaction

World Geodetic System 84; WGS 84 [DMA's modeling of the Earth from a geometric, geodetic and gravitational standpoint; it allows referencing of local geodetic systems to a single geocentric system; also serves as the reference system for GPS equipment] see also: referenced to; local geodetic system

wounded in action; WIA [ A battle casualty other than "killed in action" who has incurred an injury due to an external agent or cause. The term encompasses all kinds of wounds and other injuries incurred in action. ]

write-off [write-off follows the condemnation of equipment or rations] see also: condemnation

[ 本帖最后由 Aphrodite 于 2006-4-12 13:49 编辑 ]

使用道具 举报

Archiver|静思湖畔| 网站地图 ( 鄂ICP备11021688号 )

Powered by Phpwind NT© 2010-2012

GMT+8, 2018-6-19 03:17 , Processed in 0.040696 second(s), 9 queries .