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[ENGLISH] 联合国维持和平词汇大全 [复制链接]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:12:57 |显示全部楼层
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ablution facility; ablution unit; ablution module; Porta Cabin [prefabricated, relocatable units (usually 10' or 20' ISO containers) for use by up to 30 people, and equipped with showers, mirrors, WCs, wash basins, urinals, hot water tanks, fans, electrical wirings and fittings etc.; they are often made of sandwich panel construction and washable surfaces] see also : hard-walled camp; soft-walled camp

absolute emergency [when calling the medevac chopper, the call can be "priority" (for non-mortal wounds), '(absolute) emergency' (for mortal wounds or ailments) or 'tactical emergency' (casualties of a seriousness or on a scale such as to endanger mission)] see also: tactical emergency

access point [point on the BZ boundary, where the police stops vehicles to check the drivers' and passengers' passes]

accounts officer [of a PKO's finance section; is a civilian; FS or GS]

acknowledge [A proword used by the originator of a comunication requiring the adressee(s) to advise the originator that his communication has been received and is understood.]

armour piercing projectile; AP projectile [ High speed projectile which is able to penetrate an armour because of its speed. ]

armour vest [ A vest with a high protection level, which is achieved by the use of Kevlar or armor plates. An armour vest is part of the personnel equipment of each soldier. ]

armoured fighting vehicle; AFV [the category includes: main battle tanks, light tanks, arnoured cars, infantry fighting vehicles, armoured personnel carriers, armoured command vehicles and combat engineer vehicles]

armoured infantry combat vehicle; AICV [ The essential difference between the AICV and the APC is that the former has firin ports through which the infantry can fire their weapons from inside the vehicle. ]

armoured personnel carrier; APC [ A lightly armored, higfhly mobilr, full tracked or wheeled vehicle, used primarily for trasnportating personnel and their individual equipment during tactical operations. ]

armoured reconnaissance vehicle [ A vehicle equipped with HF radios an special optical equipment -like thermal imager- for use in reconnaisance patrols. ]

arms cache [ Building or are
arms limitation agreement [by parties to a cease-fire, on both sides of a buffer zone] see also: area of limitation of armaments

army corps [a tactical unit larger than a division and smaller than a field army; a corps usually consists of two or more divisions, together with auxiliary arms and services (engineer, reconnaissance, artillery, anti-tank, anti-aircraft and maintenance supports)] see also: field army; army group

army group [the largest formation of military land forces, normally comprising two or more "numbered" armies or army corps under a designated commander] see also: field army; army corps

assault helicopter [ Any helicopter which supports ground forces in their operations, by delivering troops or equipment, by assisting antitank defence measures with ATGM, etc. (Examples for assault helicopters: Apache, Blackhawk,...). ]

assembly area [area near the port of embarkation, where troops are gathered before embarking for a mission, or before withdrawing from a theater] see also: quartering area; staging area; area of deployment; marshalling area

assistant chief military observer; ACMO [military officer]

assistant chief of personnel and logistics; ACPL [UNCIVPOL; police officer]

assistant chief of staff; ACOS [there are several of them, all military officers; in charge of, e.g. ACOS administration and personnel (A & P); ACOS liaison; ACOS operations (OPS); the US classification into G1 (personnel), G2 (intelligence), G3 (operations and training), G4 (logistics) and G5 (civil affairs)] see also: deputy chief of staff

assistant chief of staff (for) logistics; ACOS/LOG [military officer]

auxiliary power unit; APU

avenue of approach [an air or ground route taken by an attacking force and leading to its objective or to key terrain in its path]

azimuth azimuth is the horizontal angle, measured clockwise between a reference direction and the line to an obserever or designated point. There are three base (reference) directions or azimuths: true, grid, and magnetic azimuth. True azimuth is an azimuth referenced to north as defined by the axis of rotation of the earth. Grid azimuth is an azimuth refrenced to grid north. It differs from true azimuth by the amount of the grid convergence. Magnetic azimuth is an azimuth referenced to the local direction of the earth's magnetic field.


actual time of arrival (ATA)/ - departure (ATD); estimated time of arrival (ETA); estimated time of departure [In difference to the assumed time of arrival/ departure, the time at which units supply, etc. are actually arriving, departing. ]

Administration Unit - Established Missions; AU-EM [Personnel Management and Support Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations]

Administration Unit - Special Missions; AU-SM [Personnel Management and Support Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations]

administrative officer; AO [is a civilian]

Administrative Support Unit; ASU [Logistics and Communications Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations]

advance party; advance team [sent 1) prior to a PKO, to make a reconnaissance of the area in order to assess the availability of accomodation and logistic resources and establish a list of essential items and facilities which cannot be obtained locally. sent 2) to prepare the transition and contingent rotation: the incoming contingent's advance party include logistics personnel to enable a handover of stores and equipment]

aeromedical evacuation; AE [the movement of patients under medical supervision to and between medical treatment facilities by air transport; the evacuation can be inter-theatre or intra-theatre]

aide-de-camp; ADC [part of Force Commander personal staff]

air (operation) cell [where the PKO has air support, a small air cell is deployed as part of the Ops branch; an air cell at HQ can be composed of a chief air staff officer (CASO) and several air liaison officers; it is also in charge of CASEVACs]

air controller [ At an airport the air traffic is coordinated and regulated by one or more air controller. ]

air liaison officer; ALO [where the PKO has air support, a small air cell is deployed as part of the Ops branch; an air cell at HQ can be composed of a chief air staff officer (CASO) and several air liaison officers (ALO). The ALO advises the chief operations officier (COO) and staff on the capabilities, limitations, and employment of tactical air operations. He operates the Air Force request net. ]

air logistic support [support by air landing or air drops, including air supply, movement of personnel, evacuation of casualties and recovery of equipment and vehicles]

air operations centre; AOC [for standby forces: for a specified airfield, provides air traffic control, operates an air operations room, issues flights plans and briefs pilots and crews, provides ground handling services and meteorological services]

air point of disembarkation; APOD [movement control; the destination airport]

air point of embarkation; APOE [movement control; also found as : place of embarkation] [see also: point of embarkation; sea point of embarkation]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:13:09 |显示全部楼层
air strike [refers to strikes against any tactical or strategic target and as such, should be distinguished from close air support, which involves protecting friendly troops on the ground against attack and striking directly at the immediate source of the threat] see also : punitive air strike; close air support

air tasking order; ATO [1. military operations: daily list of missions which includes take-off and landing times, air refueling tracks, the quantity of fuel to be transferred, altitudes to be flown as well as assigned targets; one is posted in the squadron room while a more detailed one is given to the aircrew; 2. movement control: form detailing a flight itinerary (location, ETD and ETA), cargo information (dimensions, weight, number of pieces) and passenger information (UNID, rank and name, etc.)]

air traffic control; ATC [is done by an air controller. The regulation of air traffic in an airspace. ]

airborne warning and control system; AWACS

airdrop [a parachute jump or a supply delivery by parachute from an aircraft in flight; in logistics, an airdrop (for resupplying a unit) is sometimes called "vertical replenishment"] see also: platform drop

airlift [the carrying of troops and equipment over large distances by air to bring them into crisis areas rapidly also found: 'airlifters' (referring to personnel or planes)] see also: air mobility command

airmobile troops [airborne troops which can be delivered into a battle zone by helicopter]

alert status [to 'remove from', or 'take off, alert status' = "to stand down" (to descend to a lower level of alert or combat readiness)]

allowance and payment officer [of a PKO's finance section; is a civilian; P-2, FS or GS]

ammunition; ammo [include for infantry: small arms and cannon ammunitions, combat grenades, mortar ammo and pyrotechnics]

ammunition dump; ammo dump [The place where ammunition is stored. ]

amphibious operation [ An operation launched from the sea by naval and landing forces embarked in ships or craft involving a landing a shore of a crisis area. ]

anti-tank guided weapon; ATGW [ Any kind of anti tank weapon which is guided by means of laser-, or wire-, etc. guiding systems. ]

anti-aircraft machine gun; AAMG [ Machine gun which is mounted on a special carriage and is used for air defence in addition to other air defence weapons, or if there are no other air defence weapons available. ]

anti-personnel mine; AP; Apers; bouncing betty [ Mine which is used to injure or kill soldiers who are dismounted. Especially anti personnel mines means a enormous danger for the civilian population (examples: Cambodia; Afghanistan).

anti-tank mine; AT; Atk [Mine used for anti tank measures. Often AT's are layed in addition to other mines. ]

anti-tank barrier [ Any objects which are used to stop the movement of tank (car wrecks; special designed steel bars;...). ]

anti-tank helicopter; aka: tank killer [ Helicopter which is mainly equipped with anti tank weapons ( Hellfire ATGM,...) and which supports ground forces in antitank measures. ]

approximate map reference; AMR [a means of identifying an approximate area on the surface of the Earth by relating it to information appearing on a map, generally the graticule or grid; in military field reports, Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) grid system is often used, combining the transverse Mercator projection with a series of zones designated for different parts of the Earth's surface; the approximate location being given by the grid zone (eg 31), the area designator and the grid reference]

apron [a defined area on an airfield, intended to accomodate aircraft for purposes of loading or unloading passengers or cargo, refuelling, parking, or maintenance] see also: hard-stand

arbitrator [member of a tribunal to which will be submitted some disputes and appeals from the award of the claims commission]

area between forward defended localities; ABFDL see also: forward defended location

area of influence line [in military operations, the area of influence is a geographical area wherein a commander is directly capable of influencing operations, by manoeuvre or fire support; in peace-keeping, such a line between areas of influence is drawn by various parties (including the UN) to clarify the situation on the ground for themselves; these 'lines' do not involve any formal agreement and are in fact seldom widely accepted]

area of interest; AOI [area of concern to the commander, including the area of influence, areas adjacent thereto, and extending into territory of the parties -of the conflict.]

area of limitation in (of) armaments; AOL [area established beyond buffer zone; the usual arrangement is for the 2 sides to agree on equal numbers of small, lightly armed forces in the areas immediately adjacent to the buffer zone] see also: buffer zone; restricted weapons zone; arms limitation agreement; weapons-limitation zone

area of operation ; AOO; AO [That portion of an area of conflict necessary for the conduct of a peace keeping operation. Areas of operations are geographical areas assigned to commanders for which they have responsibility.]

area of responsibility; AOR [A defined area of land in which responsibility is specifically assigned to the commander of the area for the. development and maintenance of installations, control of movement, and the conduct of operations.]

area of separation; AOS [also called buffer zone; area between the forward line of the parties, into which they have agreed not to deploy military forces and which may be placed under the control of a PKO] see also: zone of separation

armistice demarcation line; ADL [line (more formal than a ceasefire line) to which the parties have agreed in an armistice agreement; it usually becomes a de-facto border]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:13:45 |显示全部楼层
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back-up supply [to plan (beyond and above the initial supply) a back-up supply to last for the duration of the mission as a shipment to be sent later] see also: initial supply

backchannel diplomacy [secret lines of communication held open between two adversaries, often through an informal (non-diplomatic) intermediary or through a third party]

backstopping function [refers essentially to the overall direction, assistance and guidance given by various departments and offices at Headquarters to peace-keeping operations (including administrative, personnel and logistic support, purchasing and accounting, etc.)]

ballistic protection [techniques for the protection of personnel (and materiel) against projectiles of all kinds, such as protective blankets for vehicles or a deminer's protective gear (jackets, helmets, trousers etc)]

barrier [ Any object used to stop the movement of vehicles. ]

barrier pole [used at permanent vehicle checkpoints to stop traffic]

battalion; BATT; BAT; bn a unit composed of a headquarters and 2 or more companies or batteries (artillery), of anywhere from 300 to 1000 soldiers, and commanded by a lieutenant colonel; it may be part of a regiment or of a brigade); within PKOs, infantry battalions normally contain a headquarter, at least 3 rifle companies, a headquarters company reinforced to provide second-line support, a maintenance platoon (field repairs of vehicle, and equipment, including generators and refrigerators), an assault pioneers platoon (engineers and tradesmen), a medical unit, a signals unit, a transport unit; on UN PKO deployment maps, battalion is denoted with the acronym BATT (traditional, formal military usage in UK and UN) or BAT (used by NATO, US and Canadian army, and often preferred by officers in the field); it is preceded by letters indicating its country of origin: AUSBATT (Austrian Battalion) POLBAT (Polish bn), DANBAT (Danish bn), BELBAT (Belgian bn), ARGBAT (Argentinian bn), BRIBAT or BRITBAT (British bn), JORBAT (Jordanian bn), KENBAT (Kenyan bn), FRENCHBAT (French bn), CZECHBAT (Czech bn), EGYBAT (Egyptian bn), RUSBAT (Russian bn), NEPBAT (Nepalese bn), NIBAT (Nigerian bn), UKRBAT (Ukrainian bn) etc., and/or its role, e.g. LOGBAT (logistic bn), TRANSBAT (transport bn), CANENGBAT (canadian engineer bn), FINCONSTRBAT (Finnish construction bn), FRELOGBAT (French logistics bn.), (NL)UNSIGBAT (Dutch Signals bn.), BRITMEDBAT (UK medical bn).

battalion commanding officer ; battalion CO see also: commanding officer

battalion mobile reserve; BMR [ Mobile portion of a body of troops of a battallion which is kept in the rear, or withheld from action at the beginning of an engagement, available for a decisive moment. ]

battalion net [ The organization of the frequencies, a battalion is using for its radio operations. ] see: radio net

battle stress reaction; battle fatigue; battle shock reaction; combat stress [ The reactions to situations that place extraordinary pressure upon a soldier with stress symptoms. Symptoms are for example: burn out; flame out; personnel exhaustion; lethargic behaviour. Peace keepers are exposed regulary to both minor and major incidents which can result in battle stress reaction. ]

berm [can be an anti-tank obstacle and an entrenchment for tanks]

biological and chemical warfare; BCW [in the case of PKOs, concerns mostly chemical warfare]

bivouac (to) [to be encamped in tents, or other soft- walled camps temporary. ]

bladder tank; collapsible bladder; bladder; flexible tank; flexitank [rectangular]; collapsible drum [cylindrical and towable] [they are used for transport and for storage of water, fuel and chemicals and come in various sizes and capacities (e.g. 50,000 or 20,000, or 1,000 gallons, down to jerrican-sized flexible containers); some are rectangular and can be transported on trucks, some are drum shaped and are helitransportable (slung from a helicopter) and towable]

blast-wall [a generic term which can refer to: thick concrete walls, sandbag walls, earth mounds, and, more rarely, trenches (in this case the surrounding ground is used as a natural barrier)] see also: revetment; Hesco Bastion; traverse

blockade [procedure whereby a belligerent nation prevents the access of its enemy's coast to vital shipping of foodstuffs and war materials (maritime blockade, "blocus maritime"); in peacetime, can be used as a means of pressure by one power against another (pacific blockade, "blocus pacifique"): it leaves the door open for negociations] see also: sanctions

booby trap [A device to kill or maim an unsuspecting personwho disturbs an apparently harmless object or performs a normally safe act. ]

border control [full border control requires a capability to deny passage and to act where borders had already been closed, whereas border monitoring involves observing and reporting on movements only] see also: border monitoring

border crossing point; BCP see also: controlled crossing point; uncontrolled crossing point

border monitoring [international observers only observe and report and are not in a position to check the nature of goods crossing the border] see also: border control

boundary disclaimer [a statement on a map or chart that the status or alignment of international or administrative boundaries is not necessarily recognized by the government of the publishing nation]

brassard; armband; armlet [UN issue brassard is blue wool; but tan brassards are also used, to which the UN shoulder sleeve insigna is fixed]

break bulk; load splitting; transfer of cargo [the act of unloading and distributing a portion or all of the content of a cargo-carrying vehicle] see also: transshipment; aerial port

brevity code [a code which provides no security but which has as its sole purpose the shortening to messages rather than concealment of their content]

bridge [military bridges are of 3 main types : 1. scissor-type launched bridges (foldable and often laid by an armoured vehicle); 2. floating (or pontoon or ribbon) bridges (several flotation units are assembled side by side to span a river, but are transported folded); 3. dry support bridges (e.g. Bailey bridges), built of standardized panels and used for lines of communication (highways and railways)] see also: scissor assault bridge; dry support bridge; pontoon bridge; expedient bridge

briefback; briefing [ before an operation begins, the involved units are informed about operation goals, the situation, special orders, etc.] see also: briefing; debriefing

brigade [an army formation including usually three battalions, that may be independent or subordinate to a division, and is normally organized on combined-arms principles]

Brigade Commander [of the proposed Multinational UN Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade; would be appointed for 2 years]

Brigade Pool [set of military units under UNSAS, whose number exceeds the force requirement for the Brigade when it is deployed so that the deployment of the Brigade is not compromised if a State participating int the pool decides to abstain from providing troops for a specific mission; the requirement for individual Participating Nations to be able to decide on a case-by-case basis whether to participate in an actual peace-keeping mission makes it necessary to have access to a Brigade Pool containing duplicates of the various units which make up the Brigade, allowing for a certain degree of interchangeability between units of identical types assigned to the Brigade by different Participating Nations; besides, this makes it posible to tailor parts of the Brigade to the requirement of a specific mission, where an enhanced capacity is required in special functional areas] see also: affiliation; Multinational UN Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade.

Brigade Staff [of the proposed Multinational UN Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade]

brown-water operations [ Patrol operations in rivermouthes, or rivers (for example to monitor a border). Not to be confused with blue- or green water operations. ] see also: blue-water operations; green-water operations.

buddy system organisation en bin mes [a system that requires two (or more) persons to work together and give each other mutual protection and assistance]

budget officer [of a PKO's finance section; civilian; usually a P-3]

buffer zone; BZ; UNBZ [also known as area of separation; neutral space created by withdrawal of both hostile parties; a demilitarized zone where the parties have agreed not to deploy military forces; the cease-fire lines, marked and often fenced or wired on either side of the buffer zone, indicate the agreed forward limits of the contending forces; the cease-fire lines are observed, patrolled and perhaps occupied by the peace-keeping force; the buffer zone itself may be placed under the control of a PKO] see also: cease-fire line; area of separation; area of limitation in armaments; demilitarized zone; security zone

building management officer [of a PKO's engineering and maintenance section; civilian; responsible for the management (contractual arrangements, provision of utilities and waste management) of all premises; is a FS]

bypass Manouvering around an obstacle, position, or troops to maintain the momentum of advavantage.

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发表于 2006-4-12 13:18:13 |显示全部楼层
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call sign [a combination of letters and numbers used to represent certain persons, teams, operations or organizations, used in radio communications] see also: net(work) control station; out station

camouflage netting [nets with a woodland pattern. Those nets are used to camouflage positions and vehicles against reconaissance; especially against aerial reconaissance. ]

camp [unit which includes dormitories, ablution units, laundries, recreation halls, power supply, drainage, waste, venting and water distribution systems; can be soft-walled or hard-walled; for 5, 50 or 150 persons]

cannibalization [removing serviceable parts and assemblies from an unrepairable vehicle or item of equipment, to be used to repair others; in an extended usage: using personnel of one or more units to complete the authorized strength of another unit] see also: salvage

cantonment/barracks area [used alone, "cantonment area" can be used with respect to troops or to heavy weapons, as in the case of the implementation of the Dayton Agreement]

cargo manifest see: load manifest (cargo)

cargo waybill see: load manifest (cargo)

casualties; cas [ The total losses of personnel and/ or equipment in an operation. ]

casualty collection; casualty pick-up see also: point of wounding

casualty evacuation; CASEVAC [evacuation from the point of injury to the next suitable level of care] see also: medical evacuation; forward aeromedical evacuation; helicopter evacuation

catalogue of medical items for peace-keeping operations [lists drugs, consumables and equipment available in the central UN Medical Depot in Oslo]

cease fire line; CFL [forward limit of the positions occupied by the troops of the opposing sides at the suspension of hostilities] see also: forward defended locations

cease-fire violation; CFV [involves the firing of weapons by either party]

chain of command [The succsesion of commanding officers from a supewrior to a subordinate through which command is execised. Also called command channel.]

checkpoint; CP; CHP ['checkpoint' can be 3 things: 1. predetermined point along a route of march where troops or convoys on the move 'check in' in person at a manned 'control post' and are given further instructions on the route ahead (synonym of "control post" or "control point"); 2. predetermined position along a route where foot, vehicle (or sometimes air) patrols call in their coordinates to headquarters on the radio net, and report on their progress and fulfillement of their mission (synonym of "report point" or "report line"); 3. (the most frequent in a PKO context) a permanent or temporary, self contained, post, e.g. at an entry point to a BZ, where troops or MPs stop vehicular and pedestrian traffic (including civilian) to check documents, frisk passengers, search cars etc., in order to stop the smuggling of arms, ammunition and explosives; checkpoints can be static ('fixes') or mobile ('mobiles'); if they are 'closed checkpoints, they are called road blocks] see also: vehicle checkpoint; control post; vehicle report(ing) point; closed checkpoint; snap checkpoint; static checkpoint; mobile checkpoint; report line

chemical incident report; NBC Chem 1; NBC1 [first report filed in by military observers immediately after a chemical attack: gives time and place; is followed by further, more detailed reports]

chicane [barrels to form a chicane to slow down approaching vehicles at a checkpoint] see also: zig-zagged entrance gate

chief administrative (or administration) officer; CAO [civilian; seconded from NY UN headquarter, and heads the civilian administrative component; responsible for all administrative functions (finance and personnel) and technical services relative to the mission activities; is a D-2 or D-1]

chief, Budget and Administrative Unit; CB/AU [civilian]

chief, Buildings Management Section; CBMS [civilian; responsible for the upkeep and maintenance of official premises and associated equipment and appliances as well as furniture]

chief civilian personnel officer; CCPO; CPO [civilian]

chief, Civilian Police; CCIVPOL [police officer]

chief communications officer; civilian communication officer; CCO [the civilian counterpart to the (military) chief signal officer; responsible for the civilian-pattern communications equipment; manages the mission's communications network (radio, satellite, cryptography equipment and telephones, within mission area and between it and UNNY; is usually a P-5] see also: chief signal officer; senior signal officer

chief engineering officer; CEO [a civilian staff member of the UN who heads the civilian engineering component of a mission, and who, working in conjunction with the force engineer officer, is responsible for field engineer support, accomodation and construction services, power supply, geopgraphic support (map services), etc.] see also: force engineer(ing officer)

chief finance officer; CFO [civilian; exercises delegated authority from the controller for approving mission payments and maintaining mission accounts; supervises the Finance Section staff and the preparation of annual cost estimates and semi-annual programme budget performance reports; is usually a P-5]

chief General Service (Section)(officer); CGSO; CGS [civilian; under direction of CAO, manages the administrative services: offices (incl. ground maintenance), housing accomodations (incl. mess halls and kitchens); is usually a P-5 or a P-4]

chief humanitarian officer; CHO [civilian]

chief information coordinating officer; CICO [UNIFIL; civilian]

chief integrated support services; CISS [the CISS and the COS exercise joint operational control over the entire mission logistic support system]

chief logistics officer; CLOGO; CLO [military staff officer or civilian on the force headquarters staff; manages planning and liaison services between military and civilian agencies in the mission area and is the deputy to the CISS; in UNPROFOR, heads the Supply Office, Food Office, Maintenance Office, Transportation Office and Medical Office]

chief medical officer; CMO; CmedO see also: force medical officer; FMO, to avoid confusion with the acronym CMO (Chief Military Observer)

chief military liaison officer; CMLO [military officer]

chief military observer; CMO [military officer]

chief military personnel (administrative) officer; CMPAO; CMPO [military officer]

chief military public (or press) information officer; CMPIO [military officer] see also: chief public information officer

chief military transport officer; CMTO [military officer]

chief movement control officer; CMCO [civilian or military officer; responsible for the transportation of personnel (UNMOs, civpol, and UNVs), the control of hired and chartered aircraft and ships, for bills of lading, customs documentation and freight forwarding]

chief of mission; COM [military personnel appointed by the SG as either as force commander or chief military observer or civilian UN staff member appointed by the SG as his Special Representative]

chief of personnel and logistics; CPL [UNCIVPOL; police officer; aka: chief personnel and logistics officer (CPLO); the responsibility may sometimes be divided between a chief personnel officer (CPO) and a chief logistics officer (CLO)]

chief of staff; COS [military officer; the commander of UNTSO, alone of all PKOs, is still termed 'Chief of Staff' (COS); otherwise the term is reserved for national military] see also: deputy chief of staff; assistant chief of staff

chief operations officer; COO [military officer; heads the operations staff]

chief procurement officer; CPO; chief of procurement [civilian; under the CAO, plans and budgets the procurement of goods and servies, both locally and regionally, in coordination with the Logistics Section, for the timely provision of rations, equipment, stores, other supplies and contractual services; controls bidding process; is usually a P-5]

chief signals officer [military officer; responsible for the military-pattern communications equipment; is the military counterpart to the (civilian) CCO] see also: chief communications officer

chief transport(ation) officer; CTO [civilian; under the supervision of the chieff of ISS, is responsible for the allocation of vehicle transport to staff; supervises local mechanics and drivers; may run a motor pool of UN-owned and rental (civilian-pattern) vehicles; is usually a P-5]

choke point; defile [a passage through which military forces and mat俽iel must transit because of geographic or infrastructure constraints, and where they become vulnerable to interdiction]

civil affairs; CA [US army; e.g., CA officer, specialist, personnel, unit, battalion, assets, operation]

civil-military operation center; CMOC [in a PKO which contains substantial civilian elements, a civilian-military structure of integrated support services may be established to perform liaison and coordination between the military support structure, NGOs, PVOs and local authorities; e.g. the CMOC was opened by US Joint Task Force Support Hope in Entebbe (Uganda) and Kigali (Rwanda); in Haiti, UNMIH has an integrated civilian/military headquarters] see also: civil-military cooperation

Civilian Police Unit; CPU [Planning Division/Office of Planning and Support/DPKO]

Claims Administration Unit; CAU [Claims and Information Management Section, Finance Management and Support Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations; the unit processes claims for reimbursement from troop-contributing countries, and as of 1996, deals with COE backlog, death and disability, wet/dry leases, LOAs, third party claims and commercial disputes]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:18:58 |显示全部楼层
Claims and Information Management Section [Finance Management and Support Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations; as of 1996, replaces the Review and Analysis Section]

Claymore mine [antipersonnel mine used for area protection: e.g. used by foot patrols as perimeter defence overnight]

close fire report see: firing close (to a position) report

close protection [the use of cover camouflage, obstacles, antitank weapons, sentinels and patrols for protection of a unit against attack at close range]

cluster bomb (unit); CBU [an aircraft store (a thin-walled canister) containing and dispersing submunitions, which can be (anti-personnel or anti-tank) mines, penetration (runway cratering) bomblets, fragmentation bomblets etc.; a burster charge splits open the canister after release to disperse the bomblets over a wide area; some submunitions are fitted with delay or pressure fuzes, to act as mines (called "minelets"); the CBU itself however should not be confused with a fragmentation bomb] see also: munition dispenser

code of conduct [1. set of principles to be followed by peace-keeping forces, such as avoidance of force, impartiality, transparency and clarity of purpose, firmness, reliability, anticipation of situations leading to violence, integration of different nationalities; 2. the ICRC and NGO associations have also promulgated one, to regulate the performance of organizations involved in emergency relief]

collateral damage [unintended damages, beyond the destruction of the enemy forces or installations specifically targeted, to surrounding human and non human resources, either military or nonmilitary, caused by the spillover of weapons effect (as opposed to the damage caused by aiming errors)]

collective peace-keeping forces; CPF [generic term applied to any temporary coalition fomation mandated as peace-keeping forces by the Council of Heads of State of CIS; such forces have already been deployed in Abkhazia (Georgia), concurrently with UNOMIG, and in Tajikistan, concurrently with UNMOT; statute of CPF in the CIS was adopted on 19 Jnauary 1996; text in A/51/62, annex V]

column [a group of vehicles moving under a single commander over the same route, in the same direction] see also: packet

combat engineer vehicle; CEV; armoured engineer vehicle; AEV [a modified main battle tank, with a demolition gun (to reduce obstacles), a bulldozer blade (to clear debris), an A frame derrick, a boom and winch assembly, etc.]

combat rations; field rations; composite rations; compo-rations; bulk rations [long life reserve ration packs; aka: 'meals ready to eat', or 'MREs' in the US; C rations = canned field rations of US army] see also: rations; pack rations; ration scale

combat service support; CSS [generic term used to designate the elements of transport, maintenance, supply, construction, map services, as well as medical support, MP, chaplaincy, legal and financial services, physical education, and recreation and civil affairs; sometimes seen as 'combat support service] see also: combat support

combat service support brigade [ A brigade whose primary mission is to provide service support to combat forces and which is is part, or prepared to become a part, of a theater, command, or task force formed for PKO's. ]

combat support; CS [fire support and other types of operational assistance provided to combat elements; it may include support from artillery, air defense, aviation, engineering, signals, electronic warfare units] see also: combat service support; support; service support;

combined; allied; interallied see also: combined arms; joint

Combined Air Operations Center; CAOC [tactical integration of infantry, armor and artillery, as well as supporting arms such as engineer, anti-tank, reconnaissance and air defence units (helicopters)]

combined joint task force; CJTF [concept approved by NATO leaders in January 1994, under which US materiel and forces designated for NATO operations can now be made available for non-NATO activities in out-of-(NATO)area operations, such as those humanitarian relief or peacekeeping operations initiated by WEU to deal with regional instabilities and ethnic conflicts] see also: building-block approach

Combined Rescue Coordination Center; CRCC [US-French center to coordinate operations of Combat Search and Rescue (of downed pilots) in the former Yugoslavia; based in Brindisi (Italy)]

command [ 1. The authority that a commander in the military Service lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment. Command includes the authority and responsibility for effectively using available resources and for planning the employment of, organizing, directing, coordinating, and controlling military or other peace keeping forces for the accomplishment of assigned missions. It also includes responsibility for health, welfare, morale, and discipline of assigned personnel. 2. An order given by a commander, that is, the will of the commander expressed for the purpose of bringing about a particular action. 3. A unit or units, an organization, or an area under the command of one individual. 4. To dominate by a field of weapon fire or by observation from a superior position. ]

command and control [The exercise of command that is the process through which the activities of military forces are directed, coordinated, and controlled to accomplish the mission. This process encompasses the personnel, equipment, communications, facilities, and proceduers necessary to to gather and analyze information, to plan for what is to be done, and to supervise the execution of operations. ]

command, control, communication, computer and intelligence; C4I

command, control, communication, intelligence; C3I

command post; [a unit's or subunit's headquarters where the commander and his staff operate. A CP consists of those coordinating and special staff activities and representatives from supporting Army elements and other services that may be necessary to carry out operations. ]

commanding officer; CO [a commanding officer (CO) leads a larger unit than an officer commanding (OC)] see also: battalion commanding officer (note); officer commanding

commando [e.g.: Navy SEAL (sea-air-land) commando [US]; special (operations) forces; SOF]

commercial maintenance and repair unit [standby forces standard component; undertakes second and third line repairs of UN-owned fleet of vehicles up to three regions or sectors]

commissioned officer [officer appointed to the grade of lieutenant or higher (up to the four-star general)]

communications and electronics operating instructions; CEOI [standing operating procedures describing the communication requirements and available facilities, the concept of operation for satellite, radio, landline communications, etc.]

company; COY; coy [the basic administrative and tactical unit in most arms and services (in the US), which is subordinate to a battalion and consists of several platoons (normally 3 or 4 rifle platoons and a heavy weapons platoon)]

company net [ the communication network on a company level. ] see: radio net

complex emergency [Department of Humanitarian Affairs; a humanitarian crisis of an essentially political nature, i.e. which involves a complete disruption of authority resulting from internal or external conflicts and requires an international response beyond the mandate of a single agency or country programme]

Complex Emergency Support Unit; CESU [Department of Humantarian Affairs/United Nations Office in Geneva]

composite supply unit [standby forces standard component; provides second and third line supply beyond the self-sufficiency of military units, receives and issues all supplies, maintains general and technical stores, controls inventory]

composite transport unit [standby forces standard component; provides light, medium and heavy cargo transport beyond the self-sufficiency of military units, and maintenance to unit-owned vehicles]

concurrent jurisdiction [with respect to serious violations committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia since 1991, there is concurrent jurisdiction of the International Tribunal and national courts; this concurrent jurisdiction, however, should be subject to the primacy of the International Tribunal; at any stage of the procedure, the International Tribunal may formally request the national courts to defer to the competence of the International Tribunal]

conflicting parties; parties-to-the-conflict [ The parties involed in a conflict. This may two or more different countries or two or more different parties in a countrie. ]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:20:11 |显示全部楼层
confrontation line; CL [aka: line of contact, a general trace delineating the location where two opposing forces are engaged]

consent mandate [refers to operations mandated under Chapter VI of the Charter] see also: enforcement mandate

constabulary function [possible function of the military in the future: to prevent use of the air, sea or land for proscribed activities, or to enforce embargoes, no-fly-zones or civil order]

construction engineering officer; CEO [CEO may also refer to a chief engineer officer]

consumable items; consumables [such as food, POL, medical and defence stores, vehicle spare parts, ammunition] see also: non-expendable items

container accomodation (module) [hard-walled prefabricated building, modular and based on 20' ISO container configuration: the base and roof of these units are completely pre-built, and walls are knocked-down and are packed between the roof and floors of each unit; several such modules can be interconnected] see also: hard-walled camp; soft-walled camp

contingency operation plan; COP [formal directive in the same format as operation orders designed to meet a contingency which is expected but not yet imminent] see also: operations plan; operation orders

contingency package [whereby "type" operations would be planned, utilizing information based on the standby arrangements system]

contingency plan(ning) [it involves preparing likely courses of action dealing with a range of potential scenarios; and extends into preparatory activities (preparation of maps, identification of sources of equipment and supplies, prepositioning of communicaitons and identification of possible troop contributing states)] see also: mission-specific contingency planning; generic contingency planning

contingent; CON [mostly forming a blendword with the designation of the nation, as in AUSCON(Austrian Contingent), BRITCON (British Contingent), CANCON (Canadian Contingent), etc]

contingent base camp; base camp [the battalion headquarters often serves as the contingent base camp]

contingent commander; CCOMD [ The officier in charge who commands the contingent. ]

contingent rotation officer; CRO [military officer]

contingent-owned equipment; COE [military equipment brought to the mission area by infantry or logistics contingents with prior agreement of the UN secretariat becomes a UN responsibility, and governments are reimbursed for its depreciation] see also: letter of assist; United Nations owned equipment; national owned equipment; host nation owned equipment

contract maintenance [the maintenance of material, performed under contract by commercial organizations]

contracts and claims (unit) [part of procurement services of the administrative division of missions; is FS or GS]

controlled crossing point; CCP see also: border crossing point; uncontrolled crossing point

convoy escort [refers both 1. to the unit assigned to accompany and protect a convoy of vehicle from being scattered, destroyed or captured, and 2. to the mission entrusted to the unit] see also: refugee escort; POW escort; escort patrol

corpsman; medic [member of medical corps, trained in combat first aid, accompanying the foot patrols]

corridor see: humanitarian corridor; security corridor

counter terrorist;CT; counterinsurgency

course of action; COA [1. any sequence of activity that an individual member or a military unit may follow; 2. in wargaming, the possible COAs available to each warring party are explored along with their respective consequences and the reactions of the other parties] [2. A possible plan open to an individual or commander that would accomplish or is related to accomplishment of the mission. 3. A feasible way to accomplish a task or mission which follows the guidance given, will not result in undue damage/ risk to the command, and is noticeably different from other actions being considered.]

covered route [ A route which is secured by covering forces or other covering measures. ]

crew-served weapon [A weapon which has to be handled by more than one soldier. the category includes machine guns, cannon, antitank weapons, mortar and fire control] see also: personal weapon

critical item [logistics; an essential item which is in short supply or expected to be in short supply for an extended period]

cross-servicing [ That servicing performed by one service or national element for other services or national elements and for which the othert services or national elements may be charged. ]

crossing point; Xing Pt; XP see also: border crossing point; controlled crossing point; uncontrolled crossing point

Current Operations Unit; COU [Logistics and Communications Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peacekeeping Operations]


D


daily allowance to troops see: United Nations daily allowance for troops

danger area (UXO/UXB) [ A specified area above , below, or within which there may be potential danger. ]

Database Collection Unit [Mission Planning Service, DPKO]

date departed mission; DDM [date when departed from mission area]

date of arrival; DOA [in mission area]

datum [the datum includes both a reference system (a mathematical assumption regarding the shape of the earth, or spheroid), such as the WGS 84, and a projection (usually UTM for low and middle latitudes, and Lambert for very high (polar) latitudes); the military grid reference system is based on the WGS 84 reference system and the UTM projection]

de-facto forces; DFF [unofficial armed groups; paramilitary organizations or independent partisan groups which disown any allegiance to host governements and have no legal or officially recognized status, are commonly called de-facto forces; in UNIFIL, the term refers to Christian and associated militias supported and supplied by Israel]

debriefing; after-action review; AAR [the procedure of extracting from a serviceman facts, comments, or recommendations concerning his previous assignment or experience; also found: "after-action reports"] see also: briefing; briefback

decontamination [ The process of making any person, object, or area safe by absorbing, destroying, neuralizing, making harmless, or removing chemical or biological agents, or by removing radioactive material clinging or to around it. ]

degrade (to) (someone's ability or efficiency) [falling short of complete and outright destruction, some military actions aim at making the other side less able to perform its mission, i.e. degrading its combat effectiveness, weapons' performance, fighting ability, etc.]

delineation [of boundary lines and zones of separation on a map, as opposed to physical demarcation] see also: marking; physical demarcation

demarcation line; DL; D/L see also: armistice demarcation line (ADL)

demilitarized zone; DMZ; DZ [area between the forward line of the parties, into which they have agreed not to deploy military forces and which may be placed under the control of a PKO] see also: buffer zone; area of separation

demurrage [logistics; a charge allowed in freight tariffs or by contract, assessed against a consignor, consignee or other responsible person for delays to transportation in excess of time for loading, unloading, reconsigning, or stopping in transit]

Department of Peace-keeping Operations; DPKO

Department of Political Affairs; DPA [one of its functions is in preventive diplomacy]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:20:43 |显示全部楼层
deployment phase [logistics; third phase in a peace-keeping operation, during which personnel and equipment are transported to the area of operation] see also: stand-by phase; mounting phase; sustainment phase; redeployment phase

deputy chief of mission; DCM [military officer or civilian; ASG; oversees refugee management, infrastructure rebuilding etc; in the absence of the SRSG, is responsible for the operation of the mission]

deputy chief of staff; DCOS see also: assistant chief of staff

deputy chief, press and information; DCPI [civilian]

deputy commanding officer; DCO

deputy director civil affairs; DDCA [civilian]

deputy director of operations; DDO [UNCIVPOL; police officer]

deputy police commissioner; DPC [UNCIVPOL; police officer]

deputy special representative; DSRSG; resident special representative; RSRSG [civilian; ASG or D-2; acts on behalf of the SRSG during his absence; is usually also the Head of Civil Affairs]

desk officer [military officer or civilian; within each division of DPKO, responsibility for a peace-keeping operation is assigned to a 'desk', comprising one or more political affairs officers, supported by one or more military officers; a desk can also mean responsibility for a specific region]

detachment; DET; det [a part of a unit separated from its main organization for duty elsewhere]

died of battle wound; DOW [medical support; patient reporting; NATO uses "died of wounds received in action"]

died of non-battle wound; DNBW [medical support; patient reporting]

died of wounds received in action see: died of battle wound

direct support [1. support given by a member State from its own integral logistic unit directly to its contingent deployed on a UN operation; 2. stocks held or obtained within the mission area, to replenish first line holdings as they are consumed] see also: organizational support; general support; second-line stocks

directive [military communications in which policy is established or a specific action is ordered governing conduct or procedure; normally issued and signed by the highest military authority in the operation] see also: instruction

director (of) civil affairs; DCA [civilian]

director of administration; DOA [civilian; aka: chief administrative officer (CAO)]

director of operations; DO [UNCIVPOL; police officer]

disease and non-battle injury casualty; DNBI casualty [medical support; patient reporting]

disease and non-battle injury rate; DNBI rate [expressed as a daily percentage rate or as 2 separate rates (one for diseases and one for non-battle injuries); the rate is used for medical support planning purposes]

displaced person; DP

disposition; layout; deployment [the distribution of the elements of a command within an area, incl. usually the exact location of each unit headquarters and the deployment of the forces subordinate to it] see also: force package; task force

distribution point [logistics; point of issue of materiel to units] see also: point of reception; distribution system

distribution system [system of facilities, installations, methods and procedures designed to receive, store, maintain, distribute and control the flow of military materiel between the point of reception into mission area and the point of issue to using units] see also: distribution point; point of reception

division [a major administrative and tactical unit in which is combined the necessary arms and services required to operate independently and for sustained combat; larger than a regiment or brigade and smaller than a corps; a division may have 3 regiments plus supporting units and is commanded by a major (two star) general]

Doctors without Borders; M俤ecins sans fronti妑es; MSF [humanitarian NGO]

doctrine of operations [a broad statement of policy that incorporates acceptable techniques, procedures and methodologies to guide operations and resolve issues likely to be encountered in the field]

down time [1. interval between the receipt of a request for supplies at a depot and their delivery to the troops (syn. of "lead time"); 2. the time during which an equipment is not available because of maintenance] see also: vehicle off the road days

dragon teeth [wedge-shaped concrete anti-tank obstacles laid in multiple rows] see also: tank stop

driver's accident report [form detailing the date, place, circumstances of the accident, the vehicle and persons involved etc.]

drop zone; dropping zone; DZ [area designated for the parachute insertion of airborne forces or stores] see also: airdrops

drop-off point; DOP [coordinates on a map and place where troops are dropped by helicopter (e.g. behind enemy lines)] see also: helisite; helicopter drop point

dry lease (arrangements) (or system) [a contingent-owned equipment reimbursement system whereby the troop-contributing country provides equipment to a peace-keeping mission and the UN assumes responsibility for maintaining; the equipment may be operated either by the equipment-owning country or by another country] see also: wet lease (arrangements)

dump [ A temporary storage area for logistics; fuel or ammunition]

Duty Room; Joint Operations Centre; JOC [part of the Situation Centre; it serves as the UNHQ point of contact for field missions and for permanent missions of Member States and prepares daily Situation Centre reports] see also: duty desk officer

E



egress [extricating oneself from untenable situation; e.g. when UNMO come under sniper fire, they should radio for assistance and an armed armoured escort will be dispatched to protect their egress from the area]

electoral division [one of the division within a PKO mission; headed by a Director (D-2 or D-1)]

electoral observer [within a PKO's electoral division; visits polling stations, observes the transport of ballot boxes and the counting process and prepares a post-referendum evaluation; can be P-4, P-3, P-2, FS or GS]

Electoral Assistance Division [Office of Operations, DPKO]

electronic counter measure; ECM [ Actions taken to prevent or reduce the enemy's effective use of the electromagnetic spectrum. Includes jamming and electronic deception. ]

embarkation [The loading of troops with their supplies and equipment into ships and/ or in aircrafts]

Emergency Response Team [HCR; deployed in case of humanitarian emergencies, such as refugee crises, sometimes in conjunction with a peace-keeping operation]

equipment use charge [a monthly reimbursement rate used with the wet/dry lease system: the generic fair market value divided by the equipment's expected useful life expressed in months plus a factor for attrition for wear and tear; or the replacement value divided by the equipment's expected useful life expressed in months, whichever is less]

equipment-operating country; equipment-using country [under a dry lease arrangement, equipment operated by one country but provided by another] see also: dry lease arrangements

equipment-providing country; equipment-owning country [under a dry lease arrangement, equipment provided by one country may be operated by another country] see also: dry lease arrangements

escort patrol [unit tasked with escorting refugees being repatriated or with protecting civilians on their way to and from work where the route passes dangerously close to a hostile party; the term refers also to the mission entrusted to the unit] see also: reconnaissance patrol; standing patrol

estimated time of arrival; ETA see also: actual time of arrival

estimated time of completion; ETC

estimated time of departure; ETD see also: actual time of departure

evacuation (of equipment) [1. in the recovery system, evacuation is the movement of equipment casualties (in or out of theatre) within a logistics system; it is distinct from recovery. 2. The process of moving any person who is wounded, injured, or ill to and/ or medical treatment facilities. see also: recovery

evacuation point; EP [logistics; the location at which equipment is collected for evacuation]

evacuation system; chain of evacuation [a series of medical-treatement stations and facilities and the evacuation routes along which they are positioned; "chain of evacuation" is also used to refer (a) to the series of prisoner-of-war collecting points and cages, and routes by which prisoners of war and civilian internees are collected and evacuated from a combat zone to rear areas and (b) to the series of installations for evacuating disabled or salvaged materiel] see also: aeromedical evacuation system

exfiltration [the withdrawal of personnel or units from areas under enemy control by stealth, deception, surprise or clandestine means] see also: extraction; infiltration

explosive ordnance disposal; EOD [ The detection, identification, field evaluation, rendering- safe, recovery and final disposal of of unexploded explosive ordonance. It may also include the rendering- safe and/ or disposal of explosive ordonance which have become hazardous by damage or deterioration when the disposal of such explosive ordinance is beyond the capabilities of personnel normally assigned the responsibility for routine disposal. ] see also: danger zone (UXO/UXB

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:21:35 |显示全部楼层
F


facilitator [in diplomacy, neutral person or country who brings warring parties or States to a meeting and helps them exchange views and maybe come to a preliminary agreement; less formal role than that of a mediator or broker in a treaty negociation] see also: honest broker

feeding strength [number of soldiers entitled to draw rations in a contingent, used to calculate supplies and plan indents; the daily personnel strength is entered on the monthly "Ration Entitlement Register"] see also: rations; combat rations; bulk rations; pack rations

Field Administration and Logistics Division; FALD [Department of Peace-keeping Operations]

field ambulance [ all terrain vehicle, equipped as an ambulance. ]

field artillery [equipment, supplies, ammunition and personnel involved in the use of cannon, rocket or surface-to-surface missile launchers, and mobile enough to accompany and support infantry, mechanized, armoured, airborne and airmobile units in the field]

field defence stores; defence stores [includes: concertina wire, barbed wire, fence posts, sandbags, observation towers, gabions, T-walls, corrugated iron, timber, gates and chain link fences and barriers] see also: field defence equipment

field dressing station; holding station [a medical aid station close to the locus of combat] see also: battalion dressing station

field hospital [a field hospital includes full accomodation (tented or prefabricated), ambulances, vehicles, operating theatre, sterilizer, x-ray, dentist, equipment workshop, intensive care unit, examination rooms, mortuary etc; as a standby forces standard component, the field hospital provides second and limited third line medical support to military units: 50 beds, clinical, surgical and dental services, sterilization and lab facilities, ambulance and catering services] see also: medical shelter

Field Supply Unit; FSU [Logistics and Communications Service, Field Administration and Logistics Division, Office of Planning and Support, Department of Peace-keeping Operations]

fielding [acquisition, delivery and distribution of new equipment to the units who are destined to use it]

final protective fire; FPF [an immediately available prearranged barrier of fire designed to impede enemy movement across defensive lines or areas]

Finance Management and Support Service; FMSS [Field Administration and Logistics Division/Department of Peace-Keeping Operations]

finance officer; chief finance officer; (C)FO [of a PKO's finance section; civilian; usually a P-3]

fire control system; FCS [fire control system: a system that performs the functions of target acquisition, tracking, data computation and engagement control, primarily using electronic means] see also: fire direction center

fire direction center; FDC [that element of a command post by means of which a commander exercises fire direction (selection of targets, concentration or distribution of fire, allocation of ammunition) or fire control (applying fire on a target)] see also: fire control system

fire support [the collective use of mortars, field artillery, close air support and naval gunfire in support of a battle plan or of ground forces]

first-line maintenance [as applied to PKOs, first line maintenance refers to maintenance done by contingent/unit] see also: second line maintenance; third line maintenance; scale of issue; supply line

flechette round [anti-personnel ammunition for tube artillery and tank guns]

fleet dispatch and control (unit) [also seen as 'transport dispatch and control (unit)'; allocates vehicles to the mission's various components, issues pool vehicles; the officer heading the unit is usually a FS] see also: dispatch pool

fleet management system [hardware and software used in logistics: trucks are equipped with an antenna which transmits via satellite to the fleet management center, data regarding their exact position and thus any delays in the transport and delivery of their cargo]

flight [the basic tactical unit in the air force, consisting of four or more aircraft in two or more elements] see also: squadron

flight safety element [standby forces standard component; ensures that UN flight safety regulations and directives are followed by all UN assigned or contracted air services agencies]

floating base support [fuel, ammunitions, parts, supplied by support ships such as the Royal Fleet Auxiliaries; Max Houghton]

force commander; FC [is an ASG or D-2; responsible for carrying out the mandate of the mission in respect of all military operations; reports to HQ in NY through the SRSG on military personnel and operations]

force logistics support group; FLSG [composed of national support element (NSE) provided by each contingent; it coordinates receipt of stocks and movement to forward bases, and the sustainment of the force]

force medical officer; FMEDO; FMO [military officer; heads all medical support activities in the mission area and is the senior medical adviser to the force commander and to all contingent senior medical officers of the mission; this term is now used for all types of missions, whether these have a force or not (such as observer missions); see: note under "chief medical officer"

force medical supply officer; FMSO [military officer] see also: medical equipment and supply depot

force mobile reserve; FMR [may be based on an armoured car squadron or some similar sub-unit of mobile, lightly armoured troops who are called upon to reinforce peacekeepers if needed] see also: ready reaction group

fuel (holding) farm; tank farm parc ?reservoirs (de carburant); parc de stockage (du carburant) [a fuel farm can comprise dozens or hundreds of fuel bladders, with associated pumps, pipelines, tanks, etc.]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:22:40 |显示全部楼层
G



gabion [boxes of wire mesh, filled with stones and used to build a variety of structures]

general purpose machine gun; GPMG [ machine gune which can be used for any kind of tasks. ]

general service officer; GSO [civilian]

general support soutien (logistique) hors theatre [stocks procured outside the mission area, and which may or may not be centrally warehoused in the mission area] see also: direct support; organizational support; third line stocks

global positioning system; GPS [ the identification of a position by means of sattelite navigation. ] see also: fleet management system

good offices [procedure when, for the maintenance of peace, a nation intervenes in a friendly manner between two powers whose differences might well lead to armed conflict, and offers its suggestions as to possible ways and means of settling the differences; when the third power takes an actual part in the subsequent negociations (as the channel of communication, etc.) good offices then become mediation; more generally, the disinterested use of one's official position or office in order to help others settle their differences; the term can also refer to the acts of a diplomatic officer of a third power who takes charge of the interests of a country that has severed diplomatic relations with the state to which he is accredited] see also: mediation; conciliation; arbitration; de marche

gratis civilian officer; GCO

gratis military officer; GMO; officer on loan [officer released by his Government at no cost to the UN, as opposed to officer under contract, i.e. paid by the UN; the GMO category includes both officers on loan (short-term) and officers on secondment (longer term)] see also: voluntary contribution-in-kind; military officer under contract

Greenwich Mean Time; GMT [ Mean solar time at the meridian of Greenwich, England, used as a basisi for standard time throughout the world. Normally expressed in four numerals 0001 to 2400. Also called Zulu time. ] see also: zulu time

grid (coordinate) system; grid system; GS [ A planerectangular coordinate system usually based on, mathematically adjusted to, a map projection in order that geographic positions (latitudes and longitudes) may be redily transformed into plane coordinates and the computations relating tothem may be made by the ordinary method of plane surveying. ] see also: military grid; military grid reference system

grid bearing [direction of an object from a point, expressed as a horizontal angle, measured clockwise with reference to grid north]

ground handling [those services include interior and exterior cleaning of aircraft, de-icing, catering, provision of ground power, of tow tractors, mobile lighting and passenger embarkation and control]

Guidelines for United Nations Peacekeeping Operations [DPKO publication, 1994, E only]

gun pit [e.g. overlooking permanent checkpoint]



H



handover procedure [1) transfer of POWs, bodies, mail and property (including domestic animals) through intermediaries, across no-man's land, United Nations buffer zones or areas of separation, with supervision by peace-keeping forces; or 2) transfer of UN and contingent property (rations and supplies) from outgoing contingent (on rotation) to incoming one; also found: 'turnover']

head of civil affairs; HCA [director of civil affairs; is usually the Deputy Special Representative; is an ASG or D-2]

head of mission; HOM [refers to the Special Representative or to the Commander appointed by the Secretary-General with the consent of the Security Council]

headquarters; HQ [ The executive and/ or administyrative elemennts of a command unit. ]

headquarters company; HQ Coy [a headquarters company is in charge of clerical tasks, protection of headquarters, escorting and driving the staff, quartering and catering for the officers, etc.]

heavy machine gun; HMG [ A machine gun with a larger cliber than a GPMG. Its mostly mounted on vehicles with the main of air defence. (Examples: Browning cal .50 HMG). ]

heliborne operation [ An operation involving the movement of troops and equipment by helicopter. ]

helicopter evacuation; HELEVAC [aka "dustoff" in the US]

helipad [a prepared area designated and used for take-off and landing of helicopters (including touch down or hover): it may be a circular or rectangular area, in or near a camp, which has been cleared of obstacles and marked for helicopter landings; the (rudimentary) equipment usually includes a wind cone, a beacon light and colored flares; also found: "pick-up helipad", "set-down helipad"] see also: landing point

H- Hour The specific hour on D- day at which a particular operation commences is known as H- hour. It may be the commencement of hostilities;

high explosive; HE see also: low explosive

high-mobility multipurpose wheeled vehicle; HMMWV; HUMVEE [light unarmored utility vehicle]

high-speed anti-radiation missile; HARM [rail-launched missile carried on-board aircrafts and launched at an enemy radar-guidance antenna, the destruction of which will protect strike aircraft from defending missiles; HARM can identify and home on a wide range of radar frequencies, following a beam down to the antenna that transmits it and then showers the antenna and radar station with specially designed shrapnel] see also: suppression of enemy air defences

hijack; (Hijacker) [in PKO context, it mostly refers to the abduction and holding of peacekeepers as hostages; 'hijack drills' are practiced by soldiers on peace-keeping missions]

holding capacity [the quantitative potential of a holding facility to accomodate patients waiting for medical evacuation, usually in other than fully supported hospital beds]

holding policy; theatre evacuation policy [decision based on in-theatre planned medical capabilities, specifying the mean time required for the recovery of patients in field facilities, before they become fit for evacuation or return to duty, and the holding capability of level I and level II (up to 5 days) and level 3 (up to 30 days); treatment for more than 30 days causes repatriation]

host nation support; HNS [civilan and military assistance rendered by the host country to UN forces deployed within or staging through that country; it includes medical support: resources and infrastructure of the host country that is available and acccessible to peace-keeping forces]

human shield [any person who, under the laws of war is considered a non-combattant and as such protected from deliberate attack (civilians, POWs, etc.) but who is used by one side as a hostage to deter the other side from striking a particular military target and risking killing the hostages; the side using "human shields" gambles on the other side's reluctance to violate the laws of war and on its fear of the moral and political opprobrium usually attached to such violations; the use of human shields can take the form of a) placing civilians or prisoners in or near legitimate military targets (bases, bunkers, weapons factories, etc.) or b) placing artillery batteries and other offensive weapons in the midst of the civilian population, particularly such buildings as hospitals, schools, churches, etc., or residential neighborhoods, or c) for non-uniformed armed groups, firing at their adversary from among a crowd of civilians]

humanitarian (affairs) adviser [to the SRSG; civilian; cooperates with humanitarian agencies in the provision of assistance]

humanitarian assistance (affairs) officer; HAO [civilian; humanitarian aid component is made up of small groups of civilians (UNHCR, UNICEF, UNDP and NGOs); assists chief of the Office for the coordination of humanitarian assistance; is a D-1 or P-5] see also: humanitarian coordinator

humanitarian coordinator [civilian; for complex PKOs, DHA appoints a field-based coordinator, who works under the SRSG]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:23:11 |显示全部楼层
J



Joint Nordic Committee for Military United Nations Matters; NORDSAMFN; NordSamFN [responsible for advanced training courses in peace-keeping given in the four Nordic Countries (Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland)]

joint staff; JS [Can.] [ The staff of a commander of a unified or specified command, or of a joint task force, which includes members from the several Services comprising the force. These members should be assigned in such a manner as to insure that the commander understands the tactics, techniques, capabilities, needs, and limitations of the component parts of the force. Positions on the staff should be divided so that Service representation and influence generally reflect the Service composition of the force. ]

joint task force; JTF [US concept, bringing together Navy, Army, Air Force and Marine units for a specific mission]
K



kevlar [a synthetic (aramid) fiber of very high tensile strength, woven into bulletproof vests, molded into solid sheets of lightweight armour (from aircraft to helmets). ]

key point [ A concentrated site or installation, the destruction or capture of which would seriously affect the success of operations. ] see: vulnerable point

key terrain Any locality or area seizure, retention, or control of which affords a marked advantage to either combatant.
L


laager [defensive position (especially one protected by armoured vehicles) organized by a motorized force as it stops for a night or lesser period; a perimeter defense; also found: "laager defense", "to laager"; from Boers war: circling of the wagons in a defensive posture]

landing zone; LZ [ A specified zone within an objective area used for landing aircraft.- Any specified zone used for the landing of aircraft. ]]

laser designator [ A device that emits a beam of laser energy which is used to mark a specific place or object. ]

laser illuminator; laser designator; laser aiming light; laser target marker; laser spot projector; laser aiming module; LAM [normally used to increase the capability of soldiers or combat vehicles to aim a target fast and precisely . LAM's can be a detachable module on a handgun] see also: night vision; thermal imager; image intensifier

laser range finder most main battle tanks and other combat vehicles are equipped with laser range finders to determine the range to a target very fast and precisely. In adittion to that there are existing small versions of laser range finders which can be used by a single soldier.

laser warning receiver; LWR [detects laser threats]

lead time; response time [e.g. between formal notification and deployment, or between request to provide resources and time when these resources are ready for air/sealift to the mission area] see also: order and shipping time; procurement lead time

leave welfare allowance; LWA; recreational leave (welfare) allowance [a welfare payment at the rate of $10 per day for up to 7 days of recreational leave will be made to all troops serving with the force for a continuous period of six months]

legal adviser; LA [senior civilian staff at HQ serving in an advisory capacity to the FC/CMO, or to the SRSG; in consultation with the senior political adviser, advises on the legal and political aspects of the mission's activities, relations with host Governments; advises on administrative, financial or legal matters internal to the Mission'; is a D-1 or a P-5]

letter of assist; LOA; assist letter [a numbered contractual document issued by the UN to a government, authorizing it to provide special supplies or services to a peace-keeping operation; the UN agrees either to purchase the goods or services or authorizes the government to supply them subject to reimbursement by the UN; consequently, LOAs can involve both UNOE and COE] see also: contingent-owned equipment; United Nations owned equipment

level I medical support [refers to the kind and level of medical care that is given at that level: casualty collection, triage and immediate life saving measures, preventive measures against disease, non-battle injury and combat stress, routine sick calls; is the responsibility of the national contingents; corresponds to NATO classification role I]

level II medical support [refers to the kind and level of medical care that is given at that level: evacuation from level I, triage resuscitation and stabilization, sustaining treatment for those requiring further evacuation, reinforcement to level I organizations, centralization of medical supplies; may be the responsibility of UN medical planning staff or of national contingents depending on the mission; corresponds to NATO classification role II]

level III medical support [refers to the kind and level of medical care that is given at that level i.e. (command level): evacuation from levels I and II, triage, resuscitation and stabilization, life and limb-saving surgery, diagnosis and treatment of serious diseases, centralization of diagnostic resources and of specialist surgical and medical capabilities; is the responsibility of UN medical planning staff]

level IV medical support [refers to the kind and level of medical care that is given at that level: definitive care: specialist surgical and medical procedures, reconstruction, rehabilitation and convalescence; usually provided in the country of origin (after repatriation)]

liaison officer; LO; LNO [military officer or civilian; 1. to the armed forces of the parties to the dispute; 2. focal point for communication between SRSG and governments, international agencies and NGOs]

light machine gun; LMG [ machine gun with a rifle caliber (most 5.65 mm ). It is used as a light support weapon in infantry platoons and can be served by one soldier. ]

light multi-role logistics unit [standby forces standard component; provides second and third line light logistic support to the military component, maintains general and technical stores, as well as ration stores, provides light and limited medium transport and maintenance to unit-owned vehicles; comprises a supply platoon, a transport company and a support company (laundry, quartermaster, administration)]

light reconnaissance helicopter [ Helicopters which are armed only with self defence weapons but with long range radios and recconaissance optronics. There main task is to gain information on a tactical level. ]

line(s) of communication; L of C; LOC [all the physical routes (land, water and air) that connect an operating military force with a base of operations, and along which supplies and military forces move; internal lines of communication are those routes within the theatre of operations]

liquidation (of peace-keeping mission) [activities executed in the closure of a field mission: includes the physical withdrawal of equipment, supplies and personnel from the AO, and the administrative closure action (closure of accounts, finalization of property records and survey cases settlement of claims)] see also: disposition of assets

location state; LOCSTAT [periodic report submitted by battalion or sectors to force headquarters; notifies changes in deployment, usually monthly]

log sheet [filled in by UN military observers]

logging form [where name, car licence, destination is logged in at checkpoint into controlled area]

logistics The planning and carrying out of the movement and the maintenance of forces.

logistic directive; logs directive; Log Dir [separate from SOPs, it is produced by the CLO and details the required level of stock holdings of the contingents, the overall logistic support plan, the requirements from contributing countries and includes the force logistic standard operating procedures]

logistic operations centre; LOC [of a mission; coordinates all the mission non-routine logistic requirements and technical support assistance]

Logs Batt Supply Coy see: logistics battalion supply company

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:23:37 |显示全部楼层
M


M2 Bailey bridge (sets) [an all purpose (i.e. tactical and line of communication) prefabricated steel panel bridge designed for portability and speed of erection]

mail and diplomatic pouch unit; MDPU [in charge of the mail and documents dispatched through the diplomatic pouch] see also: force post office

main battle tank; MBT; battle tank [Tank, designed for mechanized warfare, combining firepower, armor, and maneuverability. (Examples for MBT: M - 1 Abrams (US); Leopard 2 (GE); Challanger (UK)]

main supply route; MSR [the route designated within an area of operations over which the bulk of traffic flows in support of military operations]

maintenance; maint [ 1. All action taken to retain materiel in or to restore it to a specified condition. It includes: inspection, testing, servicing, classification as to serviceability, repair, rebuilding, and reclamation. 2. All supply and repair action taken to keep a force in condition to carry out its mission. ] see also: maintenance level; first, second, third, fourth line maintenance; servicing

maneuver (to); manoeuvre [ 1. A movement to place ships or aircrafts in a position of advantage. 2. A tactical exercise carried out at sea, in the air, on the ground, or on a map in imitation of an operation. ]

marking [1. of boundary lines, cease-fire lines and zones of separation on the ground; 2. of permanent border] see also: delineation

marshalling area; MA [unit preparation area, close to departure airfields] see also: area of deployment; staging area; assembly area

matching arrangements; (peace-keeping) partnerships arrangements [partnerships (proposed) under the UNSAS between Member States with complementary strengths, e.g. between those willing to provide troops and those willing to provide equipment for deployment; such matching arrangements should extend to training, not exclusiveley on designated equipment] see also: equipment-operating country; equipment-providing country; affiliation

mechanized [with use of tanks armoured fighting vehicles, armoured personnel carriers, trucks, etc.; not to be confused with "motorized"] see also: motorized

medic see also: corpsman

medical see also: aeromedical evacuation; medical evacuation; medical officer; medical service; medical support; medical treatment

medical capacity [the quantitative potential of the medical support system to collect, treat and evacuate patients; it does not measure qualitative aspects of that support] see also: medical capability

medical evacuation; MEDEVAC [evacuation of medical cases between levels of care established in theatre (intra-theatre MEDEVAC) or to medical facilities out of theatre (inter-theatre MEDEVAC); also found: 'to be medevaced'] see also: casualty evacuation

medical start-up kit; medical SUK [equipment that the medical start-up unit takes to the mission area: a 20 foot ISO container shelter, preinstalled with medical and general equipment to operate as a medical facility for resuscitation and advanced life support; a tent operating as a holdong facility; a support trailer providing power and water purification; plus various medical equipment]

medical transport unit [small unit, with field ambulance, responsible for transporting casualties; does not necessarily include medics] see also: medical escort; aeromedical staging unit

medical treatment [ The application of medical procedures by trained professional and technical personnel, and the management of patients under such procedures, for the purpose of relief of pain and suffering, the saving of life and limb, curing disease, injury, or other disorders. ]

medical treatment facility; MTF [ A facility established for the purpose of furnishing medical and/ or dental care to eligible individuals.]

medium cargo transport unit [standby forces standard component; provides medium cargo transport beyond the self-sufficiency of military units, and maintenance to unit-owned vehicles]

medium multi-role logistics unit [standby forces standard component; provides second and third line medium logistic support to the military component, maintains general and technical stores, as well as rations stores, provides personnel, light and medium transport as well as water, POL and refrigerated transport, and maintenance to unit-owned vehicles]

memorandum of understanding; MOU; memorandum of agreement; MOA [e.g. on the standby arrangements]

military adviser; MILAD [to the SRSG; liaises with military authorities and advises on safety of mission personnel; is a D-1 or P-5]

military grid reference system; MGRS [a system which uses a standard-scaled grid square, based on a point of origin on a map projection of the surface of the earth to permit either position referencing or the computation of direction and distance between grid positions; the MGRS uses the WGS 84 reference datum and the Universal Transverse Mercator projection system] see also: military grid; grid coordinate system

military liaison officier [ An officier responsible for the maintanance of contact or intercommunication between elements of military forces to ensure mutual understanding and unity of purpose and action. ] see: liaison officier; LO

military load classification; MLC [a standard system in which a route, bridge or raft is assigned class number(s) representing the load it can carry; vehicles are also assigned class number(s) indicating the minimum class of route, bridge or raft they are authorized to used. ] see also: route classification

military officer on loan; officer on loan [gratis military officer released by his government at no cost to the UN for a few months]

military officer under contract [officer whose pay and status depends exclusively on the UN]

military operations other than war; MOOTW

military police; MP [the PKO MP element, normally of company strength, is drawn from all contingents in the force and is organized along functional lines: provost (discipline), traffic, investigation, other areas]

military public information officer; military press information officer; MPIO [this military officer's duties are related purely to military matters; part of the Force Commander's personal staff; deals with the press on military matters] see also: public information officer; public relations officer

Military Staff Committee; MSC

missing in action; MIA [ A combatant of unknown whereabouts during military operations. ]

mission administrative support plan; administrative support plan [within the framework of operational support, the plan is prepared on the basis of the Mission SOPs and complements the operation plan or order]

mission subsistence allowance; MSA [per diem or mission subsistence allowance is designed to cover board and lodging expenses for UN staff on mission, police monitors, and military observers.]

mission survey team; assessment team [sent to a new mission site to gather data and to prepare an assessment concerning the force size and composition required and the logistical needs of a new peace-keeping operation] see also: United Nations survey mission handbook

mission-specific contingency planning [evaluates the nature and scope of potential operations in specific geographic areas and the resources required to mount these operations] see also: Conceptual Planning Unit; generic contingency planning

modular reimbursement system [system whereby the components of the reimbursement rate are separately identifiable and may be included (or not) in the overall lease or reimbursment rate on the basis of the logistical support situation in a mission area]

motorized [unit equiped with complete motor transportation that enables all of its personnel, weapons and equipment to be moved at the same time without assistance from other sources] see also: mechanized

movement control cell; MCC [part of a mission's (civilian or military) movement control unit which coordinates second line transportation] see also: movement control unit; movement control detachment

movement control center; MCC [allocates resources and coordinates air, rail, road and sea movements; one is attached to the civilian component of the mission and another to the military component, both form the joint movement control centre] see also: joint movement control centre

movement control chief officer; MovCon chief officer; chief of movement control [civilian; responsible for the scheduling of air transport (commercially hired and chartered aircraft and ships), for regular needs and emergencies, and for staff travel; bills of lading, customs documentation and freight forwarding]

Multinational United Nations Stand-by Forces High-Readiness Brigade [establishment proposed by Denmark; long name for "United Nations high-readiness brigade"; it would be pre-assembled from appropriate contributions to the UNSAS, and used for peace-keeping (Chapter VI) missions] see also: affiliation; Brigade Pool; vanguard groups concept; United Nations high-readiness brigade

multiple rocket launcher system; MRLS [ A rocket launch system with the capability to fire salvos. ]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:24:35 |显示全部楼层
N



nap-of-the-earth flying; NOE flying [flight profile used by helicopters for maximum terrain cover (a few feet off the ground)] see also: terrain (-following) flight

national command [a command that is organized by, and functions under the authority of, a specific nation and may or may not be placed under a UN commander]

national commander [a national commander, territorial or functional, who is normally not in the chain of command]

national line (of command) [national chain of command (for administrative affairs), as opposed to UN chain (or line) of command]

national owned equipment; NOE [equipment not approved by the UN, but considered essential by a troop-contributing country, for security, communications, medical or welfare purposes, and which remains that country's responsibility (without reimbursement)] see also: contingent owned equipment; United Nations owned equipment; host nation owned equipment

negotiated access [a process in which humanitarian organizations negotiate with one warring party the right to deliver a specified number of aid shipments, along a specified route, to a population in need (usually in exchange for helping other groups less in need at the request of the warring party), instead of demanding unhindered access and delivery of relief aid strictly according to need; this process is sometimes criticized as it tends to confer legitimacy upon warring parties and coincidentally facilitates the incorporation of relief aid into military strategies, reinforcing their capacity to wage war and offering an incentive to starve captive civilian populations to bolster a negociating position; also found: "integrated UN/NGO negociated access programmes", under which international NGOs gain access to conflict zones]

net(work) control station; NCS [the commander of the radio organization or the base station, to whom, e.g., a convoy commander reports at the time of departure, when passing certain points along the route and at time of arrival at the destination] see also: call sign; outstation

night vision; night observation device (NOD); night sight; night viewing weapon sight; night vision equipment (NVE); night viewing aid (NVA); night viewing goggles (NVG) [a variety of devices, using (passive) image intensifiers (intensification of residual light) and/or thermal (infrared) imagers to improve observation, target acquisition or aiming in low light conditions; they can be coupled with (active) laser aiming lights (laser illuminators or designators, target markers, spot projectors); they take the form of hand-held or helmet-mounted binocular and monocular goggles, pocketscopes, rifle-mounted weapon sights, or armoured vehicle periscopes] see also: image intensifier; thermal imager; laser illuminator

no later than; NLT

no-fly zone; NFZ; no-fly area; air exclusion zone [An airspace in which air operations only allowed to UN forces. Violations will be stopped by air defence measures or the use of fighter planes. one was established in october 1992 by S/RES/781 in Bosnia airspace, monitored by UNPROFOR] see also: overflight interdiction

non-battle injury; NBI, non-battle casualty [medical support; patient reporting]

non-commissioned officer; NCO [an enlisted person promoted from the ranks, in any of the graduations of corporal or sergeant] see also: junior officer; commissioned officer


O



observation platform [aircraft, ship or vehicle considered as the carrier of a set of observation devices, as distinct from an weapons platform] see also: weapons platform

observation post; OP [observation posts are permanently manned; they are allotted a serial number or name, the designation identifying the type, the sector etc.]

observer mission [consists of unarmed officers, to man observation posts, to monitor cease-fires and armistices] see also: peace-keeping operation

operation(al) plan; OPLAN [formal directives (in the same format as operation orders) designed to meet a contingency which is expected but not yet imminent] see also: contingency plan; operational order; operational directive; operational instruction

operational authority [the authority granted to a commander ot use the operational capabilities of assigned forces to undertake mandated missions and tasks: there are three possible degrees of operational authority: operational command, operational control, tactical control] see also: operational command; operational control; tactical control

operational command [the authority granted to a commander to assign missions or tasks to subordinate commanders to deploy units, reassign forces, and to retain or delegate operational and tactical control; it is the highest level of operational authority which can be given to an appointed commander who is acting outside of his own national chain of command, and is seldom authorized by Member States] see also: operational authority; operational control; tactical control

operational control; OPCON [the authority granted to a commander to direct forces assigned so that the commander may accomplish specific missions or tasks which are usually limited by function, time or location by troop-contributing countries in the Security Council Resolution/mandate, to deploy units and retain or assign tactical control of those units; it is a more restrictive level of authority than operational command: a commander cannot change the mission of those foreces or deploy them outside the area of responsibility p[reviously agreed to by the troop-contributing country without the prior consent of this country; further he cannot separate contingents by assigning tasks to components of the units concerned] see also: operational authority; operational command; tactical control

operational order; OPORD [orders laid down in a formal manner, issued by commanders to subordinate commanders for the purpose of effecting the coordinated execution of an operation] see also: operation(al) plan;

operations other than war; OOTW [military activities during peacetime and conflict that do not necessarily involve armed clashes between two organized forces]

order [A communication -written, oral, or by signal- that conveys instructions from a superior to a subordinate. In a broad sense, the trems order and command are synonomous. However, an order implies discretion as to the details of execution whereas a command does not.]

order of battle; ORBAT [identification, strength, command structure and disposition of the personnel, units and equipment of any military structure; the order of battle is defined in tables of organization and equipment] see also: table of organization and equipment

out-survey; marching-out survey [physical verification of all contingent owned stores, equipment and vehicles and UN owned accountable items upon rotation of a contingent of change in Commanding Officer; the actual amount of the reimbursement for COE is based on the 'marching-in survey' (done when the contingent enters the mission area), and on the 'marching-out survey' (in the case of equipment/stores deployed for less than four years); these surveys are carried out by the contingent as well as by UN experts who assess the actual value of the equipment as it enters and leaves the mission area and are used by the UN as a basis for settlement of government claims for reimbursement] see also: in-survey

over-the-horizon radar; OTH radar [radar that makes use of the atmospheric reflection and refraction to extend its range beyond line of sight]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:25:37 |显示全部楼层
P



palletized load system; PLS [a materials handling equipment, with a hydraulic loading system and a demountable flatrack body, used to transport cargo such as fuel, water, containers, hospital shelters, MLRS pods, missiles and launchers, construction materials and command/control shelters, pallets of ammunition, bridging components; originally 'PLS' referred to a US equipment; a similar equipment is called 'Demountable Rack Off-loading and Pick-up System' (DROPS) in the UK, and, in France, 'syst妋e ampliroll' et 'moyen de transport et de manutention' (MTM)] see also: materials handling system; demountable flatrack

participating state agreement; PSA [agreement between the United Nations and Member States contributing personnel and equipement to a peace-keeping operation; text of model agreement is in: A/46/185] see also: peace-keeping services agreement; model services agreement

Partnership for Peace; PFP [transitional association status offering to former members of the Warsaw Pact and non-aligned nations the opportunity to cooperate with NATO in peacekeeping, search and rescue, humanitarian and other agreed-to operations]

patrol [in the context of peace-keeping operations, patrols, mounted and dismounted, are only carried out in an overt, high-profile manner; in a military context, one traditionally distinguishes between "combat patrols", "escort patrols", "reconnaissance patrols", "reconnoitering patrol", "ambush patrols", "standing patrols"]

payload capacity [ The sum of the weight of passengers and cargo that an aircraft can carry. ] see: external stores load capacity

peace operations; peace support operations [includes preventive deployments, peacekeeping and peace-enforcement operations, diplomatic activities such as preventive diplomacy, peacemaking and peace building, as well as humanitarian assistance, good offices, fact-finding, electoral assistance]

peace-building [in the aftermath of conflict; it means identifying and supporting measures and structures which will solidify peace and build trust and interaction among former enemies, in order to avoid a relapse into conflict; often involves elections organized, supervised or conducted by the United Nations, the rebuilding of civil physical infrastructures and institutions such as schools and hospitals, and economic reconstruction] see also: post-conflict peace-building

peace-keeper; peace-keeping soldier [strictly speaking 'peace-keepers' can include civilian staff (whereas 'peace-keeping soldiers' doesn't); in practice however, the term usually refers to the military component of a peace-keeping operation] see also: civilian peace-keeper

peace-keeping; PK [hybrid politico-military activity aimed at conflict control, which involves a United Nations presence in the field (usually involving military and civilian personnel), with the consent of the parties, to implement or monitor the implementation of arrangements relating to the control of conflicts (cease-fires, separation of forces etc.), and their resolution (partial or comprehensive settlements) and/or to protect the delivery of humanitarian relief] see also: Chapter VI operation

peace-keeping operation; PKO [noncombat military operations undertaken by outside forces with the consent of all major belligerent parties and designed to monitor and facilitate the implementation of an existing truce agreement in support of diplomatic efforts to reach a political settlement; 'PKOs' covers: peace-keeping forces, observer missions and mixed operations] see also: observer mission

Peace-keeping Reserve Fund [used for the start-up phase of new missions]

peace-keeping services agreement; PSA [Canadian initiative, undertaken to streamline and improve the UN system funding of peace-keeping, under which a contractual arrangement would be established, using standard costs for the provision of military personnel and equipment to peacekeeping missions; the concept was trialed during the UNMIH and should serve as a model agreement for other member nations; the outlines the personnel, materiel or equipment to be provided by the contributing nation, as well as the administrative, logistics and financial responsibilities of both the UN and the Member State regarding the establishment, deployment, support and redeployment of a contingent, detailing reimbursement arrangements so that both parties can predict expenditures against agreed standard costs and can expedite reimbursement through a submission procedure based on the PSA]

peace-making [diplomatic process of brokering an end to conflict, principally through mediation and negociation, as foreseen under Chapter VI of the UN Charter; military activities contributing to peacemaking include military-to-military contacts, security assistance, shows of force and preventive deployments]

peace-restoration and conflict-mitigation operation [new and tentative concept applying to the multidimensional operations which, while originally mandated under chapter VI, are forced by realities in the field to turn into a chapter VII operations, as when humanitarian convoys need to be defended by force of arms, or exclusion zone enforced by air strikes] see also: multidimensional peace-keeping; peace-making; peace-enforcement; peace-building; grey area operation; Chapter VI 1/2 operation; robust peace-keeping

perimeter defences [obstacles and fortifications around a compound, position, observation post, checkpoint etc]

periodic summary; PERSUM [operational and administrative summary of the major events over the reporting period (usually monthly)]

petroleum, oil and lubricants (service); POL (service) [ A board term which includes all petroleum and associated products used by the armed forces. ]

picket screen [in ground combat, a line of outposts positioned ahead of the main force, to provide warning and prevent enemy scouts or reconnaissance forces from determining the location and composition of the main body]

pillbox [small, low fortification that houses machine guns, antitank weapons, etc., and usually made of concrete, steel, or filled sandbags]

platoon [an army unit subordinate to the company or battalions, usually grouping four squads (or sometimes sections) under a lieutenant, it varies in size from 24 to 50 men for infantry platoons]

plot [1. map, chart or graph representing data of any sort; 2. representation on a diagram or chart of the position or course of a target in terms of angles and distances from positions; location of a position on a map or a chart; 3. visual display of a single location of an airborne object at a particular instant in time]

(civilian) police adviser [police officer; assists the SRSG in the preparation of cooperation agreements with the National Police, and in the supervision of civilian police monitors; advises on human rights verification; is a D-1 or P-5]

position [a tactically sited location, permanently occupied by armed troops, from where are carried out various operational tasks, such as checkpoints, roadblocks, observation and patrols]

precision guided munitions; PGM [PGM refers to bombs, missiles and artillery projectiles with a single-shot kill probabilities from ten to one hundred times greater than unguided munitions; this increase in accuracy is made possible by new guidance technologies that reduce the circular error probability of delivery vehicles to twenty meters or less]

prefabricated accomodation; prefabricated hut; prefabricated unit; Porta Cabin [can be hard-walled or soft-walled] [see also: container accomodation; soft-walled camp; hard-walled camp]

pre - positioned supplies [supplies located at or near the point of planned use or at other designated locations to reduce reaction time and to ensure resupply.]

prepositioning [ To place military units, equipment, or supplies at or near the point of planned use or at a designated location to reduce reaction time, and ro insure timely support of a specific force during initial phases of an operation. ] see also: projection

preventive deployment [of an interpositional force to deter violence in a zone of potential conflict where tension is rising among parties]

preventive diplomacy [action to prevent disputes from arising between parties, prevent existing disputes from escalating into conflicts and to limit the spread of the latter when they occur]

prisoner of war; POW [ A detained person as defined in Articles 4 and 5 of the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War of August 12,1949. IN vparticular, one, who while engaged in combat under orders of his government, is captured by the armed forces of the enemy. As such, he is entitled to the combatant's privilege of immunity from the municipal law of the capturing state for warlike acts which do not amount to breaches of the law of armed conflict. For example, a prisoner of war may be, but is not limited to, any person belonging to one of the following categories who hws fallen into the power of the enemy: a member of the armed forces, organized militia or volunteer corps; a person who accompanies the armed forces without actually being a member thereof; a member of a merchant marine or civilian aircraft crew not qualifying for more favorable treatment; or individuals who on the approach of the enemy, spontanousley take up arms to resists the invading force. ]

prisoners-of-war camp; POW camp [ A camp of semi- permanent nature established in the communication zone or zone of interior (home country) for the internment and complete administration of prisoners of war. It may located on, or independent of, other military installations. ]

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灌水大师 情侣勋章-女

发表于 2006-4-12 13:26:12 |显示全部楼层
private voluntary organization; PVO

privately owned vehicle; POV

psychological operations; PSYOPS [ planned psychological operations activities in peace and war directed to enemy, friendly, and neutral audiences in order to influence attitudes and behavior affecting the achievement of political and military objectives. They include strategic psychological activities, psychological consolidation activities, and battlefield psychological activities. ]

public information officer; press information officer; PIO [1. the title most commonly refers to a UN civilian staff member, seconded from DPI in UN secretariat in NY and assigned to the force commander, who coordinates the activities of public relations officers of national contingents, who serves as liaison between the peace-keeping force and the media and serves in an advisory capacity to the force commander or the special representative of the Secretary-General regarding external relations with the local communities and the media, and who sometimes takes on the functions of spokesperson also; is usually a P-5 or P-4; 2. the title may sometimes refer to the information officer of a contingent, who is only responsible for informing the public of his home country on the activities of his particular contingent and for providing members of his contingent with news from the home country and from within the contingent] see also: military press (or public) information officer; public relations officer

public relations officer; PRO [military officer (of a contingent); only responsible for informing the public of his home country on the activities of his particular contingent and for providing members of his contingent with news from the home country and from within the contingent; synonym with "contingent public information officer"] see also: public information officer

purchasing and processing officer [of a PKO's procurement section; civilian]

pyrotechnics; pyrotechny [ Ammunition containing chemicals that produce a smoke or brilliant light in burning, used for signaling or for lighting up an area at night. Includes explosives and launching gas, as well as signal and smoke ammunition, alarm flares etc. ]


Q



quartering [ Providing shelter for troops, headquarters, establishments and supplies. ]

quartering area; quartering site [Angola and Cambodia; quartering of troops in the process of being demobilized]

quartermaster; QM [aka: unit supply officer]

quartermaster stores [include: sleeping bags, cots, mosquito netting, wardrobes, tables, desks, chairs, blankets, sheets, disinfectants, fumigants, chemical toilets, paper products, garbage bags, water and fuel cans, crokery, cutlery, batteries, butane gas, etc.] see also: accomodation equipment

quick reaction force see: ready reaction group; rapid deployment force


R



radio net; net [e.g. medevac net, unit net, battalion net, company net, ops net, PKO net]

railhead [point on a railway where loads are transferred between trains and other means of transport]

rapid deployment force; RDF [described as short-notice contingency forces, RDFs can be formed both unilaterally and with partners, and be deployed in situations where their military organization, training, and equipment, such as transport and communications, enable them to cope with a totally civil situation; their activities range from disaster relief (earthquakes, floods etc), to humanitarian relief (famines), to operations to maintain the peace by separating warring sides, to actual warfare; RDF is the generic term, whereas rapid reaction force is the name given to various specific formations] see also: rapid reaction force; rapid action force

rapid reaction force; RRF [name of various specific formations: one set up by NATO, another created to support UNPROFOR, another proposed under UNSAS; the generic term used for this type of formations is "rapid deployment force"] see also: vanguard groups concept; United Nations rapid deployment brigade

reconnaissance; RECCE [1. the collection of visual, photographic, infrared or electronic information about enemy forces or terrain; 2. the employment of probing forces (involving combat) to induce the enemy to reveal his dispositions or weapon locations] see also: surveillance; scouting

recovery [process of extricating a vehicle or equipment casualty from the place where it has become disabled or defective and moving it to the first place where repairs can be effected or from which it can be backloaded or evacuated] see also: wrecker; evacuation point

redeployment phase [logistics; fifth and final phase in a peace-keeping operation, during which the mission is phased out; includes stores drawdown, out-survey procedures and transportation planning]

relief in place [operation in which all or part of a unit is replaced by an incoming unit, and its responsibilities are transferred to the incoming unit] [e.g. of US-led Multinational Force units in Haiti, by UN forces on March 31, 1995]

remotely piloted vehicle; RPV; unmanned aerial vehicle; UAV [a RPV is controlled and directed from afar during its mission, whereas an unmanned aerial vehicle is preprogrammed for a mission and executes it without further intervention] see also: unmanned aerial vehicle

requisition [originate at the service and supply points of the PK force, to replenish stocks and obtain new items required by contingents]

restricted area; RA [area under military jurisdiction in which special security measures are employed to prevent unauthorized entry]

restricted-weapons zone; RWZ [zone within which no heavy military equipement is allowed] see also: area of limitation of armaments; arms limitation agreement; security zone; weapon collection point

resupplying [ The act of replenishing stocks in order to maintain required levels of supply. ] see: replenishment

return to duty; RTD [medical support; patient reporting]

revetment; earth mound [1. a protective wall (dirt, sandbags, etc.) for gun emplacements and other equipment or personnel; 2. any earthwork that affords protection against explosive (tank dikes fuel tanks and ammo dumps); 3. on an airfield, pad where combat aircraft are parked (outside of HAS), surrounded by concrete blast-walls or screens, or by earth mounds, as a protection against bomb blast] see also: blast-wall

rifle company [an infantry battalion usually has three rifle companies and one heavy weapons company; a rifle company consists of about 130 all ranks, to perform patrolling, manning of observation posts and checkpoints, etc.; comprises 3 rifle platoons, a mortar section] see also: light infantry battalion

road capacity [the maximum traffic flow possible on a given roadway, using all available lanes, expressed in vehicles per hour or vehicles per day] see also: route capacity; route classification

rocket; [ A self- propelled vehicle whose trajectory or course, while in flight can not be controlled. ]

roll on roll off loading system; RORO

route capacity [1. the maximum traffic flow of vehicles in one direction at the most restricted point on the route; 2. the maximum number of metric tons that can be moved in one direction over a particular route in one hour; it is the product of the maximum traffic flow and the average payload of the vehicles using the route] see also: road capacity; route classification

route classification [classification assigned to a route using factors of minimum width, worst route type, least bridge, raft or culvert military load classification and obstructions to traffic flow; NATO]

rules of engagement; ROE [Directives issued by DPKO that specify the way how units in PKO's have to act with hostile parties and the population. ]

[ 本帖最后由 Aphrodite 于 2006-4-12 13:36 编辑 ]

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发表于 2006-4-12 13:27:51 |显示全部楼层
S


safe haven; safe area ['security of safe areas' = 'sécurité des zones protégées'] see also: United Nations protected area

safe humanitarian zone; safe area [also found: 'protected zone', 'safe area for humanitarian purposes']

salvage
[1. to strip serviceable parts from an item of equipment which is beyond repair, in order eventually to install them on other items of equipment;
2. to recover a damaged vehicle or equipment for future repair] see also: recovery; cannibalization

sanctions monitoring [observing the performance of the authorities of a country in executing an embargo against the target state] see also: sanctions assistance mission; sanctions enforcement

sanctuary [a nation or area near or contiguous to a combat area that is exempt from attack by the warring powers, e.g. a Hutus camp in Zaire, or a Kmers rouges camp in Thailand]

scale of accomodation [list of personnel grades (SRSG to UN volunteers) and activities (e.g., vehicle, electrical or radio workshops, kitchen/dining, dormitories, recreation) and the respective surface area that each is entitled to; it also details the standards applicable to sewage treatment, power supply, air conditioning and heating]

scale(s) of issue; scale(s) of items; stocks; holdings; stores [list of authorized maximum levels of holdings of stores, equipment and vehicles as established by Mission HQ, for use by contingents to meet their operational commitments; "scale" refers both to the formula used to calculate the quantities and to the resulting stores allocated (engineer stores, supply/ordnance stores, defence stores); also found: 'contingents should be scaled for 6 months spare parts and assemblies', 'first line scales (for ammunition)', 'a generous scale of smoke and illuminating rounds', 'sufficient scaling of spare parts', 'scale of ammunitions'; 'scales of issues'; 'daily ration scales', 'scale of hygiene chemicals', 'a scale of issue (for medical and dental stores)] see also: supply line; first line stocks; ration scale; initial scale of issue

sea point of embarkation; SPOE [movement control; also found as: port of embarkation] see also: point of embarkation; air point of embarkation

sealift capacity [the capacity to move troops, equipment, and supplies rapidly to a conflict zone by ship; includes sea movement, sea landing and sea support]

search and rescue; SAR [ The use of aircraft, surface craft, submarines, specialized rescue teams and equipment to search for and rescue personnel in distress on land or at sea. ] see also: combat search and rescue

second-line maintenance [as applied to PKOs, maintenance done at the level of the force or formation; as regards military-pattern vehicles) refers to maintenance done by PKO HQ] see also: first-line maintenance; third line maintenance

section [a section is smaller than a platoon and larger than a squad; in some organizations, the section, rather than the squad is the basic tactical unit]

sector [An area designated by boundaries within which a unit operates and for which it is responsible. ]

security adviser [to the SRSG; civilian or police officer]

security check [of UN personnel, vehicles and baggage when crossing for example cease-fire lines, conducted by the parties] see also: security search

security zone; SZ [area in which no armed forces or heavy military equipement are allowed] see also: restricted-weapons zone

self-sufficiency [characterizes a force which can feed, clothe and house itself during at least the initial period of a crisis or deployment; e.g. peace-keeping forces are to be self-sufficient in food-ration items for a period of 60 days from their deployment; is distinct from "self-sustainment", q.v.] see also: self-sustainment

self-sustainment; self-support [a logistics support concept for troop contingents in a peace-keeping mission area whereby the contributing country provides some or all logistics support to the contingent on a reimbursable basis; the term "self-sufficiency" is sometimes incorrectly used with this meaning] see also: direct support; self-sufficiency

senior political adviser [civilian; part of the Force Commander's personal staff, unless a SRSG is working in the same area, in which case the political adviser will be on the latter's staff; keeps the SRSG informed of local, national and regional developments; drafts communications; is usually a D-1]

separation of forces see also: interposition force; area of separation; buffer zone

servicing [ Work on motor vehicles consisting of cleaning, lubricating, replenishment of fuel, lubricant, cooling agent, and air for tires to insureproper operations. ]

shooting report; SHOOTREP [include date and time and location of incident, identity of originator, number and type of weapons used, nature of fire (rounds, bursts, spasmodic or sustained), etc.; in some 'high activity' AOs, shootreps are initiated only beyond a 'cut-off point' (i.e. when firings exceed a certain number of rounds)] see also: firing close to OP report

short take-off and landing; STOL (aircraft) [ The ability of an aircraft to clear a 50 foot (15 meter) obstacle within 1,500 feet (500 meters) of commencing take- off or in landing, to stop within 1,500 feet (500 meters) after passing over a 50 foot (15 meters) obstacle. ]

show of force [the deploying of military forces to deter a potential aggressor and to demonstrate UN resolve. ]

significant (or special) incident report; SINCREP [the category includes initial, intermediate and final reports on serious incidents in a PKO's area of operation; they are submitted by a unit to a higher formation concerning an incident in its area of responsibility] see also: summary of incidents; incident report

Situation Centre; SITCEN [as of November 1993, "Situation Room" became "Situation Centre"; DPKO] see also: operations room

situation report; SITREP; Sit Rep [routine situation reports are sent to summarize each day's events: number of shooting incidents, activity by the two sides and irregular forces, actions of peacekeeping force and relevant civilian activity; they can be supplemented by special report forms for particular incidents and can sometimes be called in over the battalion (radio) net]

special assistant [to the SRSG; civilian; makes arrangements to organize the SRSG's official schedules; is usually a P-5]

Special Committee on Peace-keeping Operations [carried out a comprehensive review of the whole question of peace-keeping operations in all their aspects]

special operations [the concept formerly covered only military commando-like actions against strategic or tactical targets; nowadays it includes any form of action with a military purpose, yet not necessarily involving the use of force or violence: restoring light, water supply, cleaning the streets, providing school equipment, reestablishing legitimate local authorities, in order to improve the morale of the civilian population and avert public discontent, disturbances and therefore political instability and violence, are part of the civil affairs aspect of a special operations mission]

stand-by (forces) arrangements (system) [under those arrangements, the capabilities made available to the UN by States may be military formations, civilian police, specialized personnel (civilian and military), services, specialized equipment]

stand-by phase [logistics; first phase in a peace-keeping operation, while a technical survey team is dispatched to the potential mission area, and before or shortly after the Security Council adopts a resolution] see also: mounting phase; deployment phase; sustainment phase; redeployment phase

stand-off weapon [ A weapon that permits the attcking aircraft to launch an attack on the target at a safe distance, usually outside the range of counterfire. ]

standardization [of equipment and procedures in a multinational organization; the spectrum of standardization ranges from low-level compatibility (equipment or procedures do not clash), to inter-operability (some degree of workable harmony is possible), to interchangeability (substitution is feasible) to commonality (same equipment or procedure is used)]

standing operating procedures; SOP [or 'standard operating procedures'; they detail the political and military situation in the area, staff duties, structure of force, the mandate and methods of operations, the rules applicable to the carriage of weapons, the use of force and the states of alert] see also: rules of engagement

state of alert [UN forces usually have 3 states of readiness: normal vigilance, increased vigilance and full alert; the system allows for the gradual stepping-up of UN reaction as a situation develops, in response to increased threats in the area of operation; the 3 levels or states of alert are sometimes designated by colors: white, amber and red)] see also: notice to move; state of readiness; alert status

[ 本帖最后由 Aphrodite 于 2006-4-12 13:39 编辑 ]

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