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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:16:55 |显示全部楼层
"Annabel Lee" is a sad poem describing the power of love.

The man telling the poem describes his undying love for his wife, Annabel Lee.

They loved each other since they were children.

The angels up in the Heavens envy them so much that they send a chilling wind that kills Annabel Lee and takes her away and places her in a tomb by the sea.

The husband still loves her and says that their souls are bonded together and can never be broken. Nothing could ever come between them.


Even in death, their love still remains intact and this is shown when he decides to die next to his wife to be together forever.
In real life, Edgar Allen Poe was married to a young bride named Virginia.
She died in her twenties from Tuberculosis.
TB attacks the lungs making it difficult to breathe.

The wind in the poem,
personifies this disease.

Poe never got over Virginia’s death
and this poem is a tribute to her and their love.


In a kingdom by the sea
– they lived near the ocean

Covet = envy, jealousy

For the moon never beams
The moon doesn’t rise. Eg. Every night
without bringing me dreams of the beautiful Annabel Lee
He dreams of her. He cannot get her out of his head.

I lie down by the side = he commits suicide beside her in her tomb
Sepulchre

The tomb in which the body of Jesus Christ was put after His death on the cross.

The poet is comparing his love, Annabel Lee and her death to Jesus Christ.

[ 本帖最后由 吴琦 于 2006-1-3 14:26 编辑 ]

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:17:41 |显示全部楼层
Poetry
Because I Could Not Stop for Death
O Captain! My Captain!
Annabel Lee
To His Love
The Road Not Taken

You will need to write an in-depth description of
3 poems – minimum 2 paragraphs each.
25 points

Rhetorical Devices
•        Allegory
•        Personification
•        Simile
•        Metaphor
•        Euphemism
•        Redundancy
•        Repetition
•        Climax

•        Rhythm and Rhyme : explain what this means and why it is important to poetry. 5 points

Political Speeches
•        Choose one of the speeches we have studied. Explain what it is about and why it was important at the time it was given.

•        Explain what “structure” means and how it helps when writing a speech or story.

•        15 points
Short Stories
•        Give a brief explanation of one of the stories we have read.

•        You will need to explain what the story is about literally and figuratively (the words of the story and the underlying meaning)

•        15 points

•        There will be a choice between a short story and a poem for you to read and explain. One you have not read before – do not worry it will be easy! Not from the textbook. It will be similar to the example I gave for the TOEFL exam on reading comprehension. I will include questions for you to answer and then you will need to explain what it is about. 20 points

www.free-ENGLISH.com

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:18:17 |显示全部楼层
Political or Motivational
Speeches
Political = having to do with politics

Motivational = Creating an emotion in someone to move them to action
How words are used to motivate
•        Rhetorical devices help increase the amount of emotion a listener will feel to the speech and the speaker.
•        Poetic language also creates emotions or images for the listener.
•        Word or Phrase order is very important in creating a flow of understanding and passion.
Examples from
Gettysburg Address
•        Repetition of words
Dedicated is used 6X in the speech.
It reflects Lincoln’s dedication to the cause of the war.
Third paragraph starts,
“…cannot dedicate…cannot consecrate…
      cannot hallow…”
stressing that “we”, the civilians, cannot do more for the land (both at Gettysburg and the United States) than the soldiers who battled there did.
Examples from
Gettysburg Address
•        Euphemism saying something harsh softly

Second paragraph – “…gave their lives” meaning they were killed in battle.

Final paragraph – “gave the last full measure of devotion” another way of saying they were killed, but also reminding of the “dedication” that is needed to win the war.
Examples from
Gettysburg Address
•        Redundancy adding extra words that aren’t really necessary but add a “poetic” feel to the speech
Second paragraph – “…fitting and proper” both words mean appropriate.
Final paragraph – “..it is for us, the living, …”
   Clearly “we” are alive, no reason to state the obvious except for rhetorical purpose.
Examples from
Gettysburg Address
•        Contrast using two words in the same sentence that are opposite to each other

Final paragraph – “…nor long remember …
                                but it can never forget…”
   
Gives added emphasis (stress) to the words never forget.
Examples from
Gettysburg Address
•        Repetition and Climax Arrangement of words or phrases in order of importance
•        Also, using the concept of 3

“…of the people,
    by the people,
    for the people…”
Concept of 3
Whenever you are stressing an important idea or making a striking comparison, you must do it in threes.

“It was cold, dark and gloomy.”
“The party was noisy, crowded but boring.”

It flows better and makes more of an impact.
Structure of the speech
Lincoln’s structure was very simple and uses the concept of 3.

•        Introduction (beginning of speech) = past
•        Body (middle of speech) = present
•        Conclusion (end of speech) = future
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Churchill had to form first a war cabinet and then the rest of his administration very quickly as there was a war to win. Usually this process can take weeks, even months, of discussions and planning.
   This was a luxury he couldn’t afford. The mandate from the King was to get the government running and the war won.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Words used to show urgency

3rd paragraph, 3rd sentence, “…one single day”
While this is a redundancy – one + single meaning the same thing – it stresses how quickly the war cabinet was formed.

Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Words used to show urgency

3rd paragraph, 4th sentence, “…yesterday…tonight…tomorrow…”
   Shows that he is working “around the clock” meaning 24-hours-a-day. Shows his commitment to getting his task done without delay

Also using the concept of 3
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Words used to show confidence and strength

7th paragraph “…united and inflexible resolve…”
Meaning they are all in agreement and they cannot be changed.
   “ prosecute … to a victorious conclusion”

By using the word “prosecute” he is comparing the war to a trial and the Nazis to criminals.

Using the word “victorious” instead of winning is a much stronger image to the listeners.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Words and phrases used to show confidence and strength

7th paragraph “…united and inflexible resolve…”
Meaning they are all in agreement and their strength cannot be doubted.
  
“ prosecute … to a victorious conclusion”

By using the word “prosecute” he is comparing the war to a trial and the German to criminals.

Using the word “victorious” instead of winning is a much stronger image to the listeners.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Words and phrases used to show confidence and strength

10th paragraph “You ask, what is our policy?…I say it is” Ends paragraph, “That is our policy”

He answers questions before they are asked. Shows great confidence in himself and his ideas
  
11th paragraph “You ask…I answer victory
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        The concept of 3

10th paragraph
“…wage war by land, sea and air. (double use of 3)
…war with all our might…   
…wage war against…


Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        The concept of 3 and Contrast

11th paragraph uses “victory” 5x

12th paragraph uses “no survival” 3x

   What he does with these two paragraphs is show that without “victory” there can be “no survival”. Underscores the urgency to start the government and end the war.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Poetic language

10th paragraph

“…monstrous tyranny never surpassed in the dark and lamentable catalogue of human crime.”

   Nazis are the most viscous criminals of all time.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Structure of the speech

First 5 paragraphs are about his mandate to form a government and how he is going about it.
The next 8 paragraphs outline the importance of acting quickly and decisively to conquer the Nazis and restore peace. The paragraphs build momentum from calmly explaining to great rhetoric about the results of failure.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Structure of the speech

The second to last paragraph shows again his confidence in himself and Britain.

The last paragraph asks his listeners for help, including them in the process of “victory”.
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
•        Structure of the speech

Introduction = Churchill’s duty to England

Body = Why their duty is of utmost importance to             England

Conclusion = Confidence in himself and England,                       stells his listeners it is time to act.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:18:36 |显示全部楼层
Blood, Toil, Tears and Sweat
First Speech as Prime Minister    May 13, 1940
(one year after WWII started)  to the House of Commons
On May 10, 1940, Winston Churchill became Prime Minister. When he met his Cabinet on May 13 he told them "I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat." This became the title of the speech and showed he was giving all of himself – his blood, toil (hard work), tears and sweat. He repeated that phrase later in the day when he asked the House of Commons for a vote of confidence in his new all-party government.
For the first time, the people had hope but Churchill commented to General Ismay: "Poor people, poor people. They trust me, and I can give them nothing but disaster for quite a long time."
Churchill is often referred to as the greatest orator of the 20th century. The speeches he made during the summer of 1940 established the policy of 'no surrender', and made people feel they were not alone in the struggle against Hitler.
He had a supreme command of English, but he was not a natural public speaker. He would often practise his speeches for many hours and had a slight stammer and lisp.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:19:07 |显示全部楼层
coln's life that led to his presidency." -NAMTC & NMM Review
The battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863, was considered a turning point in the American Civil War. The three-day battle, one of the deadliest in American history, left over 51,000 casualties in its wake; a new National cemetery was established, and a dedication ceremony was planned for November 19, 1863. President Abraham Lincoln was invited and asked to make a "few, appropriate remarks." His "Gettysburg Address," although brief and simple, was delivered at a time when the young nation was being destroyed by civil war, and today is recognized as one of the most important speeches in American History. This program is a lasting tribute to the man, the words and the message.

Gettysburg Address
A speech delivered by Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. Lincoln was speaking at the dedication of a soldiers' cemetery at the site of the Battle of Gettysburg. The opening and closing lines are particularly memorable: “Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in liberty and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.... [We must] be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us — that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion — that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain; that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom; and that government of the people, by the people, for the people shall not perish from the Earth.”
•  Lincoln surprised his audience at Gettysburg with the brevity of his speech. He delivered the Gettysburg Address, which lasted about three minutes, after a two-hour speech by Edward Everett, one of the leading orators of the day.

Gettysburg Address
This speech, regarded as one of Abraham Lincoln's finest works, was delivered at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, on November 19, 1863. Ceremonies were held to dedicate a cemetery for those killed in the battle of July 1-3 between George Gordon Meade's Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. The main speaker was Edward Everett, a renowned orator.
When the board in charge of the event extended invitations to various national figures, it was expected that Lincoln would not be present, but he made his attendance a priority. Contrary to legend, he did not write his speech on the back of an envelope as he traveled to the ceremonies aboard a train. He had made two drafts of the remarks he planned to deliver. After Everett's two-hour oration, Lincoln spoke for only a few minutes. He began, "Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth, upon this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal." He concluded, "government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth."
The ten sentences composing the speech received little attention at the time. Everett himself, however, appreciated Lincoln's eloquence, writing him, "I should be glad if I could flatter myself that I came as near to the central idea of the occasion in two hours as you did in two minutes." Through the years, the address, considered a model of its kind, has been much studied, proving one of his predictions wrong: "The world will little note, nor long remember, what we say here, but can never forget what they did here."
See also Lincoln, Abraham.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:19:32 |显示全部楼层
This poem is an Allegory.

The Captain refers to Abraham Lincoln.

The Prize sought and won is the victory of the North over the South (The Civil War). The beginning of true democracy where “all men are created equal”.

The fearful trip is done signifies the end of the war.
  This poem is about Abraham Lincoln.
The "ship" is the United States of America.

The captain in the poem dies after achieving victory but before receiving any commendations.

Abraham Lincoln was killed a few days after the Civil War ended.
The young man views the captain not only as his officer but also as a father figure. Abraham Lincoln led the country to safety and taught many lessons to the people about equality.

"O heart! heart! heart!" is the response of the young man to the death of his “Captain”.
Bugle trilling symbolizes "Taps" a tune played when soldiers are buried.

Bells are ringing in churches. Symbolizes a time of rejoicing.

The flag is flown at half-mast because of an important death.
Whitman was a true patriot.

His poems sing of the praises of the United States of America and the causes of democracy.

The poet's love of his country grew from his faith that Americans might reach new worldly and spiritual heights.

Whitman wrote: "The chief reason for the being of the United States of America is to bring about the common good will of all mankind, the solidarity of the world."

Stanza 1

Our fearful trip is done = the Civil War has ended

The Ship has weather’d every rack = The United States has been destroyed by war

The prize we sought is won = The North has won against the South and slavery has been outlawed.
Stanza 1  continued


The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting = Celebration at the end of the war

While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring = The United States is facing a new and better future
Stanza 1 continued

But O heart! heart! heart! = The man in the poem is heartbroken

O the bleeding drops of red = Symbolizes both the blood of the soldiers and the blood of Abraham Lincoln

Where on the deck my Captain lies, fallen cold and dead = Abraham Lincoln was shot in a balcony of a theatre, the captain of the ship lies dead on the ship’s deck.
Stanza 2

Rise up and hear the bells; Rise up – for you the flag is flung - for you the bugle trills,

The flag is at half mast, usual when a death of importance occurs.

The bugle (trumpet) plays at a soldier’s burial the song “Taps”
Stanza 2

For you bouquets and ribbon’d wreaths = the flowers placed at a burial

for you the shores a-crowding = crowds of people are lined up at the shores (or streets) for him

The poet is describing a burial scene for the “Captain”, Lincoln
Stanza 3

My Captain does not answer, his lips are pale and still,
My father does not feel my arm, he has no pulse or will

The poet is describing a corpse
He cannot speak, he has pulse

Stanza 3  continued

The ship is anchor’d, safe and sound = The United States is safe and can start rebuilding their country

its voyage closed and done = the civil war is over

From fearful trip the victor ship comes in with object won = Lincoln’s Union army has won the war
Stanza 3  continued


Exult, O shores and ring, O bells!
But I with mournful tread,
Walk the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead

=

The United States should still celebrate the end of the Civil War, but the poet can only think of the death of his leader, Lincoln.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:19:55 |显示全部楼层
Rhetorical devices      Allegory

Allegory is a form of extended metaphor, in which objects, persons, and actions in a narrative, are connected with meanings that are outside the narrative itself.

O Captain! My Captain! is really about Abraham Lincoln’s assassination.
The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance, and characters are often personifications of abstract ideas such as charity, greed, or envy.

So an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and a symbolic meaning.

Poetry is, first of all, a communication - a thought or message conveyed by the writer to the reader.

It is not only an act of creation, but an act of sharing.

It is therefore important to the reader that he understands how the poet uses words, how the poet puts fresh enthusiasm and new meaning into words.
The simplest and also the most effective poetic device is the use of comparison.

It might almost be said that poetry is founded on two main ways of comparing things:
simile and metaphor.

We add to our ordinary speech by the use of such comparisons as "fresh as a daisy," "tough as leather," "comfortable as an old shoe," "it fits like a glove," “happy as a lark”.

These are all similes; they use the words "as" or "like."

A metaphor is another kind of comparison.
It is actually a shortened simile,
it does not use "as" or "like."

A metaphor establishes a relationship at once;
it leaves more to the imagination.
It is a shortcut to the meaning; it sets two unlike things side by side and makes us see the likeness between them.

When Robert Burns wrote "My love is like a red, red rose” he used a simile.


When Robert Herrick wrote "You are a tulip" he used a metaphor.

Rhetorical devices      Euphemism

Using soft words to say a harsh reality

Example:

He passed away.
instead of
He died.
Rhetorical devices      Understatement

Saying a truth in an obvious way

Example:

War is not healthy for children
and other living things.
Rhetorical devices      Oxymoron

Putting two words together than are in direct contrast with each other.

Examples:

Jumbo Shrimp

Pretty Ugly
Rhetorical devices      Redundancy

Adding a phrase that is not necessary

Examples:

Every man, rich or poor.

Ears pierced while you wait.
Rhetorical devices      Paradox

Something that seems to have no logic, but actually has some truth.

Example:

Youth is wasted on the young.
                                     George Bernard Shaw
Rhetorical devices  Metaphor + Simile

Comparison of two very different things.

Examples:    My friend, the swift mule.
Seeing traits of a mule in your friend.

Thou art sunshine.
You make me happy and warm.

Similes use the word “like” or “as”

Example:   The snow was like a blanket.
Meaning it covered everything.
Rhetorical devices      Syllepsis

Using the same word with different meanings

Example:

We must all hang together, or we will hang separately.
This means, we must stick together as a group or we will be killed.
Rhetorical devices      Syllepsis cont’d

As used in TV commercials:

For eggs: Get Crackin’
- start the morning
- break the eggs

For milk: Milk is good food
- good for you
- good tasting

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:20:15 |显示全部楼层
The battle of Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863, was considered a turning point in the American Civil War. The three-day battle, one of the deadliest in American history, left over 51,000 casualties; a new National cemetery was established, and a dedication ceremony was planned for November 19, 1863.
President Abraham Lincoln was invited and asked to make a "few, appropriate remarks." His "Gettysburg Address," although brief and simple, was delivered at a time when the young nation was being destroyed by civil war, and today is recognized as one of the most important speeches in American History.
It reminded everyone what they were fighting for – the very soul of America -and how important it was to continue the battle that these soldiers had died for.
It struck the hearts of the Union and the battle for a united America continued with renewed strength.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:20:40 |显示全部楼层
The Lottery by Shirley Jackson
Literally – what the story is about
Jackson's story portrays an "average" New England village with "average" citizens engaged in a deadly ritual, the annual selection of a sacrificial victim by means of a public lottery, and does so quite deviously: not until well along in the story do we suspect that the "winner" will be stoned to death by the rest of the villagers.

The Lottery by Shirley Jackson
Figuratively  - the message behind the story

“I suppose, I hoped, by setting a particularly brutal ancient rite in the present and in my own village to shock the story's readers with a graphic dramatization of the pointless violence and general inhumanity in their own lives."
Shirley Jackson

No mere "irrational" tradition, the lottery is an ideological mechanism.   It serves to reinforce the village's hierarchical social order by instilling the villagers with an unconscious fear that if they resist this order they might be selected in the next lottery.  In the process of creating this fear, it also reproduces the ideology necessary for the smooth functioning of that social order, despite its natural injustices.

The village in which the lottery takes place has a bank, a post office, a grocery store, a coal business, a school system; its women are housewives rather than field workers or writers; and its men talk of "tractors and taxes."   More importantly, however, the village exhibits the same socio-economic structure that most people take for granted in a modern, capitalist society.
The three most powerful men who control the town, economically as well as politically, also happen to administer the lottery.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:20:57 |显示全部楼层
The Road Not Taken

The subject is the choice the poet is faced with
two roads, two ideas, two possibilities of action:

It deals with the choice between two roads, and with the results of that choice. Some people feel the poem is filled with regret of the choice the poet made, others feel he is happy with his choice.

The poem is a metaphor of
the choices we make in life.
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood (A)
  And sorry I could not travel both (B)
And be one traveler, long I stood (A)
And looked down one as far as I could (A)
To where it bent in the undergrowth (B)
----------------------
The poet comes to two roads and wishes he could take both. But as he is only one person, he cannot. He takes his time deciding which one to take, looking as far into the future as he can.
Then took the other, as just as fair (C)
  And having perhaps the better claim (D)
Because it was grassy and wanted wear (C)
Though as for that the passing there (C)
Had worn them really about the same (D)
----------------------
He chooses one path feeling it has not had as many travelers. But after a while, realizes that they are not so very different.
And both that morning equally lay (E)
  In leaves no steps had trodden black (F)
Oh, I kept the first for another day! (E)
Yet knowing how way leads on to way (E)
I doubted if I should ever come back. (F)
----------------------
Both paths had not been walked on that morning, but he had to choose. He thought he would take the other another time. But as time goes by, we don’t often get the opportunity to start our lives over.
I shall be telling this with a sigh (G)
  Sometime ages and ages hence (H)
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I - (G)
I took the one less traveled by (G)
And that has made all the difference, (H)
----------------------

The poet knows he will be telling his life story when he is old. And by choosing a path that was not as easy, or so well worn, he convinces himself that he had made the right decision.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:21:13 |显示全部楼层
The Rocking-Horse Winner
by D.H. Lawrence
The Rocking-Horse Winner" is an ironic tale using devices of the fairy tale and a mockingly detached tone to moralize on the value of love
and the dangers of money.

The Rocking-Horse Winner" is the story of a boy's gift for picking the winners in horse races. An omniscient narrator relates the tale of a boy whose family is always short of money. His mother is incapable of showing love and is obsessed with the status that material wealth can provide. Her son is acutely aware of his mother's desire for money, and he is motivated to take action. He wants to help her, but he also wants to silence the voice that haunts him, the voice of the house itself whispering, "There must be more money! There must be more money!"


The story is a reflection of society’s materialism, the search for material happiness while ignoring the real matters of life. People are looking for happiness in the wrong places. This is the story of a family who pretends to have a life full of luxury while their income is low and their debts are high. Paul, the older son of the family, after seeing the importance of money and luck in his mother’s life, discovers that he is not as unlucky as the rest of his family.




His luck helps him predict the winner of horse races. For a time Paul gets money as a gambler thanks to Bassett, the gardener, and later on with the complicity of his uncle, who is curious about his nephew’s abilities. The winnings were given to Paul’s mother to pay debts, but she found the money wasn’t enough to keep up their social status.



Paul feels the need to win one of the three big races. He is worried when two of the races came and he didn’t know the winner. Finally, Paul predicts the winner while riding his rocking-horse. During the incident, Paul gets sick and dies.

The story ends with the reader wondering about the real meaning of life.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:21:30 |显示全部楼层
To His Love

Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?

Do you want me to compare you to a summer’s day?

Thou art more lovely and more temperate:

You are more beautiful and kinder
Rough winds do shake the darling buds of May,

Strong winds ruin the spring blossoms

And summer’s lease hath all to short a date:

Summer does not last very long
Sometime too hot the eye of heaven shines,

Sometimes the sun is too hot

And often is his gold complexion dimmed;

And it is often cloudy
And every fair from fair sometimes declines,

And all beauty fades


By chance or nature’s changing course untrimmed;

By the experiences of life or by the passing of time


But thy eternal summer shall not fade,

But your beauty will not fade

Nor lose possession of that fair thou ow’st;

nor lose any of its quality
Nor shall Death brag thou wander’st in his shade,

You shall never die

When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st

You will live forever through my poetry
So long as men can breathe, or eyes can see,

So long as people live and read

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee.

This poem will live, and you will, too.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:22:03 |显示全部楼层
TOEFL (pronounced Toful)

Test is in 3 parts, Reading, Writing and Listening. We will examine some examples of each part. Even if you are not going to take the exam, this is important to improve your English. If you are going to take the exam, I suggest you try the entire practice test online before taking it. The web address is: ww3.free-english.com

Writing Section Practice
This section of the test measures your ability to use writing to communicate in an academic environment, meaning essay writing.

Reading Section Practice
In this section you will read three passages and answer reading comprehension questions about each of the passages.

Listening Section Practice
This section of the test measures your ability to understand conversations and academic lectures in English.

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杰出贡献 灌水大师

发表于 2006-1-2 11:22:20 |显示全部楼层
Use of nature and climate as metaphor in I Have a Dream
-        Seared in the flames if withering injustice
-        Joyous daybreak to end the long night
-        Lonely island of poverty in the midst of a vast ocean of material prosperity
-        Rise from the dark and desolate valley to the sunlit path of justice
-        Lift from the quicksands to the solid rock
-        Sweltering summer will not pass…until autumn
Use of nature and climate as metaphor in I Have a Dream
-        Whirlwinds will shake the foundations
-        Battered by the storms of persecution and staggered by the winds of police brutality
-        Not wallow in the valley of despair
-        Every valley exalted
Every hill and mountain low
Rough places made plain (smooth)
Crooked places straight
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发表于 2006-1-2 18:20:57 |显示全部楼层
好多啊,上次打印抠底的课件废了我的6元,好像都没怎么派上用场呢
因为我没有看,哎,好烦啊
平时多晒晒阳光,就会少干一些卑鄙的事情

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